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A Sin3-interacting domain (SID) originally described in Mad proteins is necessary for both transcriptional repression and growth suppression by these transcription factors. We recently reported that a structurally and functionally related Mad1-like SID is also present in five Sp1-like repressor proteins (TIEG1, TIEG2, BTEB1, BTEB3 and BTEB4), demonstrating(More)
COMMD1 deficiency results in defective copper homeostasis, but the mechanism for this has remained elusive. Here we report that COMMD1 is directly linked to early endosomes through its interaction with a protein complex containing CCDC22, CCDC93, and C16orf62. This COMMD/CCDC22/CCDC93 (CCC) complex interacts with the multisubunit WASH complex, an(More)
Sin3 was isolated over two decades ago as a negative regulator of transcription in budding yeast. Subsequent research has established the protein as a master transcriptional scaffold and corepressor capable of transcriptional silencing via associated histone deacetylases (HDACs). The core Sin3-HDAC complex interacts with a wide variety of repressors and(More)
Previous studies have suggested that there are two signaling pathways leading from ligation of the Fas receptor to induction of apoptosis. Type I signaling involves Fas ligand-induced recruitment of large amounts of FADD (FAS-associated death domain protein) and procaspase 8, leading to direct activation of caspase 3, whereas type II signaling involves(More)
AGR2, the human homologue of Xenopus anterior gradient 2 (XAG2), was identified by a suppression subtractive hybridization-based technique as an androgen-inducible gene. There are two AGR2 transcripts, which encode the same secretory protein of 175 amino acids. The androgen induction was time- and dose-dependent, with more than a 10-fold increase in the(More)
The transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) family of growth regulatory peptides plays an important role in the regulation of gastrointestinal epithelial cell homeostasis. Loss of growth inhibitory signalling by TGFbeta is common in the context of Ras-transformation and it has been hypothesized that loss of TGFbeta receptor II (TGFbetaRII) expression(More)
The Sin3 interacting domain (SID), originally described in the Mad family of repressors, is a novel transcriptional repressor domain that binds the PAH2 domain of corepressors Sin3A and Sin3B with high affinities. The conserved SID-like domains are reportedly present in five KLF proteins. However, the KLF SIDs and the Mad SIDs can be classified into two(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), the most common type of pancreatic tumor, is a highly aggressive human cancer with the lowest five-year survival rate of any human maligancy primarily due to its early- metastasis and lack of response to chemotherapy and radiation. Recent research suggests that PDAC cells comprise a hierarchy of tumor cells that(More)
Macroautophagy is an evolutionarily conserved cellular process involved in the clearance of proteins and organelles. Although the cytoplasmic machinery that orchestrates autophagy induction during starvation, hypoxia, or receptor stimulation has been widely studied, the key epigenetic events that initiate and maintain the autophagy process remain unknown.(More)
UNLABELLED Cancer-associated inflammation is a molecular key feature in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Oncogenic KRAS in conjunction with persistent inflammation is known to accelerate carcinogenesis, although the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here, we outline a novel pathway whereby the transcription factors NFATc1 and STAT3 cooperate(More)