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Here we report the complete genome sequence of Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV). Sequencing of the random shotgun and restriction endonuclease genomic libraries showed that the entire SGIV genome consists of 140,131 nucleotide bp. One hundred sixty-two open reading frames (ORFs) from the sense and antisense DNA strands, coding for lengths varying from 41(More)
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are lymphocyte-like cells that lack T cell or B cell antigen receptors and mediate protective and repair functions through cytokine secretion. Among these, type 2 ILCs (ILC2 cells) are able to produce type 2 cytokines. We report the existence of an inflammatory ILC2 (iILC2) population responsive to interleukin 25 (IL-25) that(More)
This paper presents a monolithic mechanically-bistable mechanism that does not rely on residual stress for its bistability. The typical implementation of this mechanism is two curved centrally-clamped parallel beams, hereafter referred to as “double curved beams”. Modal analysis and finite element analysis (FEA) simulation of the curved beam are used to(More)
The human herpes virus Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latently infects and drives the proliferation of B lymphocytes in vitro and is associated with several forms of lymphoma and carcinoma in vivo. The virus encodes ~30 miRNAs in the BART region, the function of most of which remains elusive. Here we have used a new mouse xenograft model of EBV driven(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to investigate the role of small non-coding RNA-222 (microRNA-222; miR-222) in the development of cervical cancer (CC). METHODS Normal and CC specimens were obtained from 18 patients. HeLa and SiHa cells were grown in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium. RT-PCR, Western blot, migration assay, flow cytometry and immunofluorescence(More)
We have performed the first extensive profiling of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) miRNAs on in vivo derived normal and neoplastic infected tissues. We describe a unique pattern of viral miRNA expression by normal infected cells in vivo expressing restricted viral latency programs (germinal center: Latency II and memory B: Latency I/0). This includes the complete(More)
Eukaryotic cells utilize complex signaling systems to detect their environments, responding and adapting as new conditions arise during evolution. The basidiomycete fungus Cryptococcus neoformans is a leading cause of AIDS-related death worldwide and utilizes the calcineurin and protein kinase C-1 (Pkc1) signaling pathways for host adaptation and expression(More)
EBV is an oncogenic human herpesvirus that has the ability to infect and transform B cells latently in vitro. However, the virus also establishes a lifetime, benign, persistent latent infection in resting memory B cells in vivo, where the virus is quiescent (i.e., expresses none of the known latent proteins). The virus encodes ∼40 micro-RNAs (miRNAs), most(More)
This paper reports the design, fabrication and testing of a thermally -actuated bistable MEMS relay. Mechanical bis tability ensures zero actuation power in both the on and off states, and permits actuation with a transient thermal actuator. In the off state, this relay stands off more than 200 V. In the on state, it exhibits a minimum total resistance of(More)