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Box C/D guide RNAs are abundant noncoding RNAs that primarily function to direct the 2'-O-methylation of specific nucleotides by base-pairing with substrate RNAs. In archaea, a bipartite C/D RNA assembles with L7Ae, Nop5, and the methyltransferase fibrillarin into a modification enzyme with unique substrate specificity. Here, we determined the crystal(More)
To compare virtual non-enhanced liver CT (VNCT) from dual-energy CT (DECT) with true non-enhanced liver CT (TNCT) in patients. A total of 102 patients underwent multi-phase abdominal CT. Liver arterial VNCT (VNCTA) and portovenous VNCT (VNCTV) images were derived from the arterial and portovenous DECT data. The mean CT number, signal to noise ratio (SNR),(More)
Deficits in cognitive functions lead to mental retardation (MR). Understanding the genetic basis of inherited MR has provided insights into the pathogenesis of MR. Fragile X syndrome is one of the most common forms of inherited MR, caused by the loss of functional Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein (FMRP). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous,(More)
Three arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi (Glomus mosseae, Glomus claroideum, and Glomus intraradices) were compared for their root colonizing ability and activity in the root of Astragalus sinicus L. under salt-stressed soil conditions. Mycorrhizal formation, activity of fungal succinate dehydrogenase, and alkaline phosphatase, as well as plant biomass, were(More)
Members of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily transduce signals via SMAD proteins. SMAD2 and SMAD3 mediate TGF-β signaling, whereas SMAD1, SMAD5, and SMAD8/9 transduce bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signals. We would like to identify the function of BMP/SMAD5 signaling in serous ovarian cancer. The protein levels of total SMAD5 and(More)
Fuzzy dominance is a relatively important and new concept for ranking fuzzy variables based on their credibility distributions. As a special case of ordering fuzzy variables, ranking trapezoidal fuzzy variables is a perennial subject of interest because of its foundation in practical application. In the paper, we rank trapezoidal fuzzy variables by(More)