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Transformed hairy roots were efficiently induced from seedlings of Taraxacum platycarpum by infection with Agrobacterium rhizogenes 15834. Root explants produced transformed roots at a higher frequency (76.5±3.5%) as compared to stem (32.7±4.8%) or cotyledon (16.2±5.7%). Hairy roots exhibited active elongation with high branching of roots on growth(More)
Herbicide-resistant transgenic Panax ginseng plants were produced by introducing the phosphinothricin acetyl transferase (PAT) gene that confers resistance to the herbicide Basta (bialaphos) through Agrobacterium tumefaciens co-cultivation. Embryogenic callus gathered from cotyledon explants of P. ginseng were pre-treated with 0.5 M sucrose or 0.05 M MgSO4(More)
In most plants, somatic embryos tend to germinate prematurely, a process that is detrimental to controlled plant production and the conservation of artificial seeds. We investigated the dormancy characteristics of Siberian ginseng somatic embryos induced simply by a high sucrose treatment, a treatment that enables the long-term conservation of artificial(More)
Cotyledon explants of Panax ginseng produced somatic embryos directly on solid hormone-free MS medium containing 3% (w/v) sucrose while high concentration of NH4NO3 (60 mM) induced embryogenic callus. Ten subcultures of the embryogenic callus on hormone-free MS medium with 40 mM NH4NO3 gave hormone-independent proliferation of callus, which exhibited(More)
Although histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are emerging as a promising new treatment strategy in malignancy, how they exert their effect on osteosarcoama cells is as yet unclear. This study was undertaken to investigate the underlying mechanism of a HDAC inhibitor Trichostatin A (TSA)-induced apoptosis in a osteosarcoma cell line HOS. We observed that(More)
High frequency somatic embryogenesis of Eleutheorcoccus chiisanensis was achieved through suspension culture of embryogenic cells in hormone-free Murashige and Skoog liquid medium supplemented with 30 g sucrose l−1. Cotyledonary somatic embryos were germinated and converted into plantlets using 20 μM gibberellic acid which were then grown in a 10 l airlift(More)
The present study was conducted to explore the potential role of proteasome pathway in NSAIDs-induced apoptosis. We employed sulindac as a NSAID, and chose the lactacystin for inhibition of proteasome activity. Assessment of apoptosis and proteasome activity assay were undertaken. We demonstrated that sulindac treatment resulted in a decrease of proteasome(More)
The Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) is a standardized, validated, and reliable tool to assess neuropsychiatric derangements in dementia patients. The aim of this study is to develop the Korean version of the NPI (K-NPI) and to test its reliability and usefulness in dementia patients. The subjects were 49 normal controls and 92 patients with Alzheimer's(More)
A protocol was developed for Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of niger [Guizotia abyssinica (L.f.) Cass.] using hypocotyl and cotyledon explants. Hypocotyls and cotyledons obtained from 7-day-old seedlings were co-cultivated with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain EHA101/pIG121Hm that harbored genes for β-glucuronidase (GUS), kanamycin, and(More)
Although winter dysentery (WD), which is caused by the bovine coronavirus (BCoV) is characterized by the sudden onset of diarrhea in many adult cattle in a herd, the pathogenesis of the WD-BCoV is not completely understood. In this study, colostrum-deprived calves were experimentally infected with a Korean WD-BCoV strain and examined for viremia, enteric(More)