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Ligninolytic enzymes are well-known to play the crucial roles in lignin biodegradation and have potential applications in industrial processes. The filamentous white-rot fungus, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, has been widely used as a model organism for studying these ligninolytic enzymes that are able to degrade the lignin during the secondary metabolism. To(More)
BACKGROUND Epilepsy is a common chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures. Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals play a critical role in the diagnosis of epilepsy. Multichannel EEGs contain more information than do single-channel EEGs. Automatic detection algorithms for spikes or seizures have traditionally been implemented(More)
BACKGROUND Migration of T cells into the colon plays a major role in the pathogenesis in inflammatory bowel disease. This study investigated the effects of glutamine (Gln) supplementation on chemokine receptors and adhesion molecules expressed by T cells in mice with dextran sulfate sodium- (DSS-) induced colitis. METHODS C57BL/6 mice were fed either a(More)
INTRODUCTION Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare neoplasms with malignant potential. Surgery is the definitive management for resectable nonmetastatic lesions. Although minimally invasive resection has been established for GISTs, it is still considered unfeasible when tumors are near the esophagogastric junction. This study aimed to compare the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The role of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for patients with acute cholecystitis and symptoms for >3 days is debated. Our purpose was to compare the results of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with acute cholecystitis and symptoms for ≤ 3 days and >3 days. METHODOLOGY Sixty patients with acute cholecystitis had a laparoscopic(More)
New-onset diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with pancreatic ductal cell adenocarcinoma (PDCA) and can resolve after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Whether DM also resolves after PD in patients operated for disease other than PDCA remains to be determined. We compared glycemic status before and after PD between patients with and without PDCA by review of a(More)
Polygonatum cyrtonema lectin (PCL), a mannose/sialic acid-binding lectin, has been reported to display remarkable anti-proliferative and apoptosis-inducing activities toward a variety of cancer cells; however, the precise molecular mechanisms by which PCL induces cancer cell death are still elusive. In the current study, we found that PCL could induce(More)
Reflux esophagitis is a common complication following a distal gastrectomy. Increasingly, Roux-en-Y reconstruction has been used to prevent reflux esophagitis; however, marginal ulcer is a concern in patients with a Roux-en-Y reconstruction after distal gastrectomy. The effect of Roux-en-Y reconstruction on the development of reflux esophagitis and marginal(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is a major operation with high complication rate. Thereafter, patients may develop morbidity because of the complex reconstruction and loss of pancreatic parenchyma. A well-designed database is very important to address both the short-term and long-term outcomes after PD. OBJECTIVE The objective of this research was(More)
Medical resources are important and necessary in health care. Recently, the development of methods for improving the efficiency of medical resource utilization is an emerging problem. Despite evidence supporting the use of order sets in hospitals, only a small number of health information systems have successfully equipped physicians with analysis of(More)