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Cephalosporin acylase (CA), a member of the N-terminal nucleophile hydrolase family, is activated through sequential primary and secondary autoproteolytic reactions with the release of a pro segment. We have determined crystal structures of four CA mutants. Two mutants are trapped after the primary cleavage, and the other two undergo secondary cleavage(More)
Glutaryl 7-aminocephalosporanic acid acylase (GCA, EC is a member of N-terminal nucleophile (Ntn) hydrolases. The native enzyme is an (alpha beta)(2) heterotetramer originated from an enzymatically inactive precursor of a single polypeptide. The activation of precursor GCA consists of primary and secondary autoproteolytic cleavages, generating a(More)
Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) causes bacterial blight of rice (Oryza sativa L.), one of the most devastating diseases of rice in most rice-growing countries. XometC, a cystathionine gamma-lyase (CGL) like protein that is an antibacterial drug-target protein against Xoo, was cloned, expressed, purified and crystallized. CGL catalyzes the second step in(More)
An acidic polysaccharide CS-F2 from Camellia sinensis was examined to characterize its anti-adhesive effects against pathogenic bacteria, most notably Helicobacter pylori, Propionibacterium acnes, and Staphylococcus aureus. CS-F2 showed marked inhibitory activity against the pathogen-mediated hemagglutination with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)(More)
Vascular enlargement is a characteristic feature of angiopoietin-1 (Ang1)-induced changes in adult blood vessels. However, it is unknown whether tissues having Ang1-mediated vascular enlargement have more blood flow or whether the enlargement is reversible. We have recently created a soluble, stable and potent Ang1 variant, COMP-Ang1. In the present study,(More)
Biomarkers enable early diagnosis, guide molecularly targeted therapy and monitor the activity and therapeutic responses across a variety of diseases. Despite intensified interest and research, however, the overall rate of development of novel biomarkers has been falling. Moreover, no solution is yet available that efficiently retrieves and processes(More)
The proteins in the fatty-acid synthesis pathway in bacteria have significant potential as targets for the development of antibacterial agents. An essential elongation step in fatty-acid synthesis is performed by β-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase I (FabB). The organism Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) causes a destructive bacterial blight disease(More)
We have determined a 2.6A resolution crystal structure of Pfu DNA polymerase, the most commonly used high fidelity PCR enzyme, from Pyrococcus furiosus. Although the structures of Pfu and KOD1 are highly similar, the structure of Pfu elucidates the electron density of the interface between the exonuclease and thumb domains, which has not been previously(More)
Human fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) is responsible for multifunctional signaling that regulates developmental processes. The three immunoglobulin-like extracellular domains of FGFR (D1, D2, and D3) include the determinants of ligand binding and specificity for fibroblast growth factor and heparan sulfate. D1 and the D1-D2 linker with a contiguous(More)
Cephalosporin acylase (CA), a member of the N-terminal nucleophile hydrolase family, is activated through two steps of intramolecular autoproteolysis, the first mediated by a serine residue, and the second by a glutamate, which releases the pro-segment and produces an active enzyme. In this study, we have determined the crystal structures of mutants which(More)