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AbstructWhile the performance of flash memory exceeds hard disk drives in almost every category, the cost of flash memory must come down in order to gain wider acceptance in mass storage applications. This paper describes a 3.3 Vonly 32 Mb NAND flash memory that achieves not only high performance but also low cost with a 94.9 mm2 die size, improved yields,(More)
5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA), inducing photodynamic protoporphyrin (PpIX), is a hydrophilic molecule, resulting in leashing the capacity to cross tissue barriers like stratum corneum (SC) of skin. Here, we aimed to develop 5-ALA loaded ultradeformable liposomes (UDL) with different surface charges, and to investigate their physicochemical characteristics(More)
Previously we have formulated a new cationic emulsion, composed of 3beta [N-(N',N'-dimethylaminoethane) carbamoyl] cholesterol and dioleoylphosphatidyl ethanolamine, castor oil and Tween 80, and it efficiently delivered plasmid DNA into various cancer cells with low toxicity. Chitosan is a natural cationic polysaccharide and is able to form polyelectrolyte(More)
Plant extracts have been found to be effective in reducing microorganisms. This study evaluated antimicrobial activity of 12 plant extracts against Salmonella Typhimurium, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Listeria monocytogenes by using a disk diffusion assay, and Syzygium aromaticum (clove) showed the highest inhibitory effect. To investigate the efficacy of(More)
Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a widely used thrombolytic agent, has an application limit due to short half-life. To prolong the half-life of tPA, liposomes composed of egg phosphatidylcholine (EPC), cholesterol (CHOL) and sodium cholesterol-3-sulfate (CS) were prepared by lipid film method. In addition, distearolyphosphatidyl(More)
To enhance the dissolution and oral absorption of poorly water-soluble itraconazole, self-emulsifying drug delivery system (SEDDS) composed of oil, surfactant and cosurfactant for oral administration of itraconazole was formulated, and its physicochemical properties and pharmacokinetic parameters of itraconazole were evaluated. Among the surfactants and(More)
A fully automated semi-microbore high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method with column-switching using UV detection was developed for the determination of glimepiride from human plasma samples. Plasma sample (900 microl) was deproteinated and extracted with ethanol and acetonitrile. The extract (70 microl) was directly injected into a Capcell(More)
The aim of this study is to develop a bioresponsive cisplatin (CDDP) delivery system with a self-assembling peptide amphiphile (PA) comprising a cell-adhesive matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2)-sensitive GTAGLIGQRGDS and a fatty acid. A biomimetic CDDP-PA gel was spontaneously formed upon incubating a mixture of CDDP and the PA for 5 h at 37 degrees C.(More)
An improved column switching high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method was developed for determination of cetirizine in human plasma. Plasma samples were prepared by liquid-liquid extraction using methylene chloride. The samples extracted were initially injected into a clean-up Capcell Pak MF C8 column and the peaks of cetirizine and internal(More)