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This study was carried out to optimize conditions for using real time RT-PCR as an efficient and precise quantitative method for estimating the transcript levels of genes expressed in samples containing miniscule amounts of RNA, such as single mammalian oocytes and embryos. First, using mouse eggs and blastocysts, we tested three kinds of RNA isolation or(More)
Potential applications of embryonic stem (ES) cells are not limited to regenerative medicine but can also include in vitro screening of various toxicants. In this study, we established mouse ES cell lines from isolated blastomeres of two-cell stage embryos and examined their potential use as an in vitro system for the study of developmental toxicity. Two ES(More)
PURPOSE Prostaglandin (PG) E2 is an immunomodulatory lipid mediator generated mainly via the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) pathway from arachidonic acid at sites of infection and inflammation. A positive feedback loop of PGE2 on COX-2 expression is critical for homeostasis during toll-like receptor (TLR)-mediated inflammatory processes. The mechanism of(More)
1. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships among inflammation, myocardial fibrosis and cardiac remodelling in patients with mild aortic stenosis (AS), as assessed by biomarkers and echocardiography. 2. We evaluated 32 consecutive patients with mild AS, as well as 30 age- and gender-matched healthy individuals with normal aortic(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of fresh vs. frozen testicular sperm on fertilization and pregnancy using intracytoplasmic sperm injection. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING Hospital-based infertility research laboratory. PATIENT(S) One hundred sixty patients with obstructive azoospermia undergoing testicular sperm extraction (TESE). (More)
Prostaglandins participate in a variety of female reproductive processes, including ovulation, fertilization, embryo implantation and parturition. In particular, maternal prostacyclin (PGI(2)) is critical for embryo implantation and the action of PGI(2) is not mediated via its G-protein-coupled membrane receptor, IP, but its nuclear receptor,(More)
OBJECTIVE To report a live birth after successful preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for carriers of complex chromosomal rearrangements (CCRs) with translocation and deletion. DESIGN Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) was applied to PGD for CCR carriers. SETTING University-based centers for reproductive medicine. PATIENT(S) Three CCR(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate chromosomal imbalances in preimplantation embryos from reciprocal translocation carriers with or without acrocentric chromosomes (Acro-Ch) 13, 14, 15, 21, and 22 in preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) cycles. DESIGN Fluorescence in situ hybridization was applied to PGD cycles for reciprocal translocation carriers. SETTING(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether hydrosalpingeal fluid (HSF) is toxic to the mouse embryo as assessed by the blastocyst development rate (BDR) and by cell counting in vitro. HSF was collected from nine patients undergoing salpingoneostomy to correct hydrosalpinx. Two-cell embryos were obtained from superovulated ICR mice. T6 medium and T6 +(More)
CONTEXT Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder characterized by chronic oligo/anovulation, hyperandrogenemia, infertility, and metabolic alterations related to insulin resistance. These abnormalities in PCOS may have complex effects on pathophysiology of the endometrium, contributing to infertility and endometrial disorders. (More)