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Institutional review board approval was obtained. Informed patient consent was not required for this retrospective study, which involved review of previously obtained image data. Patient confidentiality was protected; the study was compliant with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. An automated pulmonary nodule detection program that(More)
An adaptive image and video retargeting algorithm based on Fourier analysis is proposed in this work. We first divide an input image into several strips using the gradient information so that each strip consists of textures of similar complexities. Then, we scale each strip adaptively according to its importance measure. More specifically, the distortions ,(More)
A fast and optimized dehazing algorithm for hazy images and videos is proposed in this work. Based on the observation that a hazy image exhibits low contrast in general, we restore the hazy image by enhancing its contrast. However, the overcompensation of the degraded contrast may truncate pixel values and cause information loss. Therefore, we formulate a(More)
A simple and adaptive single image dehazing algorithm is proposed in this work. Based on the observation that a hazy image has low contrast in general, we attempt to restore the original image by enhancing the contrast. First, the proposed algorithm estimates the airlight in a given hazy image based on the quad-tree subdivision. Then, the proposed algorithm(More)
An adaptive rain streak removal algorithm for a single image is proposed in this work. We observe that a typical rain streak has an elongated elliptical shape with a vertical orientation. Thus, we first detect rain streak regions by analyzing the rotation angle and the aspect ratio of the elliptical kernel at each pixel location. We then perform the(More)
NADH-quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) modulates cellular NAD(+)/NADH ratio which has been associated with the aging and anti-aging mechanisms of calorie restriction (CR). Here, we demonstrate that the facilitation of NQO1 activity by feeding β-lapachone (βL), an exogenous NQO1 co-substrate, prevented age-dependent decline of motor and cognitive function in(More)
An image and video retargeting algorithm using an adaptive scaling function is proposed in this work. We first construct an importance map which uses multiple features: gradient, saliency, and motion difference. Then, we determine an adaptive scaling function, which represents a scaling factor of each column in the source image. Finally, the target image is(More)
Clinical applications of gene expression signatures in breast cancer prognosis still remain limited due to poor predictive strength of single training datasets and appropriate invariable platforms. We proposed a gene expression signature by reducing baseline differences and analyzing common probes among three recent Affymetrix U133 plus 2 microarray data(More)