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Free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) caused by UV exposure or other environmental factors are critical players in cellular damage and aging. In order to develop a new anti-photoaging agent, this work focused on the antioxidant effects of the extract of tinged autumnal leaves of Acer palmatum. One compound was isolated from an ethyl acetate(More)
Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease (APE) acts as a regulator of p53 or vice versa in the cellular response to oxidative stress. Since oxidative stress-induced apoptosis is suggested in the pathophysiology of diabetic nephropathy, we proposed that APE may have a feasible role in the progression of diabetic complications. We investigated the interrelationship(More)
BACKGROUND A possible prothrombotic effect of elevated thyrotropin (TSH) has been suggested. The mean platelet volume (MPV), which is used to measure the platelet size, can reflect platelet activity. Although limited and inconsistent data regarding the effects of thyroid function on the MPV are available from small-scale case-control studies, no study has(More)
We report new examples of lipoic acid (LA)-peptide conjugates, their potential as codrugs having anti-melanogenic and anti-aging properties was evaluated. These multifunctional molecules were prepared by linking lipophilic moiety (LA) to the pentapeptide KTTKS. The inhibitory effect of LA-peptide conjugates on melanin synthesis and tyrosinase activity is(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have generated conflicting evidence regarding associations between family history and survival after gastric cancer surgery. In this study, we investigated this question using a meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS To identify relevant studies, PubMed and Embase databases were searched up to June 2013. Two reviewers(More)
Mean platelet volume (MPV), which is used to measure platelet size, can reflect platelet activity. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between MPV and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) according to glucose tolerance (GT) status in a general population. We retrospectively studied 3098 Korean adults who underwent voluntary regular(More)
We evaluated the agreement between HbA1c- and FPG-based criteria for screening of diabetes in an asymptomatic Korean population and identified independent factors associated with discordance. The discordance between the two diabetic criteria was significantly associated with obesity and older age.
A comprehensive experimental and theoretical study of the reactivity patterns and reaction mechanisms in alkane hydroxylation, olefin epoxidation, cyclohexene oxidation, and sulfoxidation reactions by a mononuclear nonheme ruthenium(IV)-oxo complex, [Ru(IV)(O)(terpy)(bpm)](2+) (1), has been conducted. In alkane hydroxylation (i.e., oxygen rebound vs oxygen(More)
Atherothrombotic complications are important causes of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. Diabetes has been considered to be a prothrombotic status. Several factors contribute to the prothrombotic condition, such as increasing coagulation, impaired fibrinolysis, endothelial dysfunction, and platelet hyperreactivity. Among the factors that(More)
In this study, we determined whether p53 expression affected the sensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and colon cancer cells to bleomycin (BLM). Two human NSCLC cell lines (A549 expressing wild-type p53 and p53-null H1299) and two colon cancer cell lines (HCT116 p53+/+ and its p53 deficient subline HCT116 p53-/-) were subjected to treatment(More)