Learn More
BACKGROUND Two types of cells are cultured from the human peripheral blood, early endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and outgrowth endothelial cells (OECs), as previously reported. Here, we further characterize these cells, especially with respect to their different origins and functions both in vitro and in vivo. We also investigated whether the(More)
BACKGROUND The colony number of early endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) has been used as a quantitative indicator of the number of EPCs in the blood or as a biological marker of cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we found a subset of T cells that were localized at the center of the EPC colony and played a pivotal role in colony formation and(More)
BACKGROUND We examined the cross-sectional relationship between environmental tobacco smoke exposure, continuous performance test (CPT) measures, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or learning disability symptoms in school-aged children. METHOD In total, 989 children (526 boys, mean age 9.1 ± 0.7 years), recruited from five South Korean(More)
Inflammatory activation of astrocytes has been implicated in various neurodegenerative diseases. The elimination of activated astrocytes by apoptosis or the deactivation may be the mechanisms for auto-regulation of activated astrocytes. To test the possibility of apoptotic elimination of activated astrocytes, we examined a potential correlation between(More)
Successful recovery from brain ischemia is limited due to poor vascularization surrounding the ischemic zone. Cell therapy with strong angiogenic factors could be an effective strategy to rescue the ischemic brain. We investigated whether cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP)-Ang1, a soluble, stable and potent Ang1 variant, enhances the angiogenesis of(More)
PURPOSE We obtained intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) parameters through biexponential analysis on diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) using multiple b values. Correlation was evaluated between these parameters and histological microvessel density (MVD) for the possibility of noninvasive evaluation of MVD with DWI. METHODS Twenty-five nude mice with the(More)
BACKGROUND Recruitment and adhesion of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) to hypoxic endothelial cells (ECs) is essential for vasculogenesis in ischemic tissue; little is known, however, about the key signals or intracellular signaling pathways involved in orchestrating the expression of adhesion molecules by ECs in response to hypoxia and how this is(More)
Real-time monitoring of water quality for sewer system is required for efficient sewer network design because it provides information on the precise loading of pollutant to wastewater treatment facilities and the impact of loading on receiving water. In this study, synchronous fluorescence spectra and its first derivatives were investigated using a number(More)
To elucidate possible mechanisms of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) induced in vitro invasiveness of glioblastoma cells, we examined expression levels of membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP), MMP-2, MMP-9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 and TIMP-2 using Western blotting and gelatin zymography assay, and found that PMA(More)