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BACKGROUND Minoxidil has been widely used to treat androgenetic alopecia, but little is known about its pharmacological activity or about the identity of its target cells in hair follicles. We hypothesized that minoxidil has direct effects on the proliferation and apoptosis of dermal papilla cells (DPCs) of human hair follicle. OBJECTIVE To elucidate the(More)
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation regulates UV-responsive genes, including matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Moreover, UV-induced MMPs cause connective tissue damage and the skin to become wrinkled and aged. Here, we investigated the effect of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), a dietary omega-3 fatty acid, on UV-induced MMP-1 expression in human dermal fibroblasts(More)
Transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) is a molecular sensor for detecting adverse stimuli, such as capsaicin, heat, and acid. TRPV1 has been localized in keratinocytes and is suggested to be a mediator of heat-induced matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1). With regard to the multimodal activation of TRPV1, we hypothesize that TRPV1 might also(More)
Human skin is exposed to solar ultraviolet radiation. Ultraviolet radiation damages human skin and results in an old and wrinkled appearance, called photoaging. We have previously reported that molecular mechanisms by which ultraviolet light causes photoaging involve activation of growth factor and cytokine receptors in keratinocytes and dermal cells. They(More)
Human macrophage metalloelastase is a member of the matrix metalloproteinase family and is involved in degradation of elastin. We investigated the ultraviolet modulation of human macrophage metalloelastase in human skin in vivo. Ultraviolet induced human macrophage metalloelastase mRNA maximally (11.9-fold) within 16 h post-ultraviolet in human skin. This(More)
Although many studies have been performed to elucidate the molecular consequences of ultraviolet irradiation, little is known about the effect of infrared radiation on skin aging. In addition to photons, heat is likely to be generated as a consequence of infrared irradiation, and heat shock is widely considered to be an environmental stress. Here we(More)
OBJECTIVE Tremendous efforts have been made to establish effective therapeutic neovascularization using adipose tissue-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF), but the efficiency is low, and underlying mechanisms and their interaction with the host in a new microenvironment are poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS Here we demonstrate that direct(More)
To investigate the effects of topically applied 17beta-estradiol on the expression of extracellular matrix proteins in aged human skin, 17beta-estradiol (0.01%) and its vehicle (70% propylene glycol, 30% ethanol) were applied to aged (68-82 y, eight females and five males) human buttock skin under occlusion for 2 wk (three times per week). Topical(More)
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is an omega-3 (omega-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), which has anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties. Some reports have demonstrated that EPA inhibits NF-kappaB activation induced by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in various cells. However, its detailed mode of action is unclear. In(More)
Beneficial effects attributed to green tea, such as its anticancer and antioxidant properties, may be mediated by (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). In this study, the effects of EGCG on cell proliferation and UV-induced apoptosis were investigated in normal epidermal keratinocytes. When topically applied to aged human skin, EGCG stimulated the(More)