Learn More
Transcripts for the class A Ca2+ channel alpha 1 subunit (also known as BI) are present at high levels in many parts of the mammalian CNS and are widely assumed to encode the P-type Ca2+ channel. To characterize the biophysical and pharmacological properties of alpha 1A channels, macroscopic and single-channel recordings were made in Xenopus oocytes(More)
This paper provides a brief overview of the diversity of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels and our recent work on neuronal Ca2+ channels with novel pharmacological and biophysical properties that distinguish them from L, N, P or T-type channels. The Ca2+ channel alpha 1 subunit known as alpha 1A or BI [Mori Y., Friedrich T., Kim M.-S., Mikami A., Nakai J., Ruth(More)
Voltage-gated Ca2+ channels link changes in membrane potential to the delivery of Ca2+, a key second messenger for many cellular responses. Ca2+ channels show selectivity for Ca2+ over more plentiful ions such as Na+ or K+ by virtue of their high-affinity binding of Ca2+ within the pore. It has been suggested that this binding involves four conserved(More)
Diverse types of calcium channels in vertebrate neurons are important in linking electrical activity to transmitter release, gene expression and modulation of membrane excitability. Four classes of Ca2+ channels (T, N, L and P-type) have been distinguished on the basis of their electrophysiological and pharmacological properties. Most of the recently cloned(More)
Voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels respond to membrane depolarization by conformational changes that control channel opening and eventual closing by inactivation. The kinetics of inactivation differ considerably between types of Ca2+ channels and are important in determining the amount of Ca2+ entry during electrical activity and its resulting impact on(More)
Neurotoxins that selectively block Na+, K+ or Ca2+ channels have provided valuable information about the functional diversity of the voltage-gated channel superfamily. For Ca2+ channels, a variety of toxins have been found to block individual channel types. The best-known example is omega-conotoxin-GVIA, a member of a large family of peptide toxins derived(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate (Glu) are considered as the predominant inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmitters in mammalian central nervous systems (CNS), respectively. The presence of the GABA system and metabotropic glutamate receptors in sperm prompted us to explore the existence of ionotropic glutamate receptors and glutamate(More)
Human chorionic somatomammotropin (CS) synthesis results from the independent expression of two homologous genes, CS-A and CS-B. A transcription enhancer factor-1 (TEF-1) element and an upstream 81 bp modulatory domain, containing repressor (RF-1) and derepressor (DF-1) activities, are important for efficient CS-B enhancer function in transfected placental(More)
It is well documented that g-aminobutyric acid (GABA) system existed in reproductive organs. Recent researches showed that GABAA and GABAB receptors were present in testis and sperm, and might mediate the acrosome reaction induced by GABA and progesterone. GABA transporter I (GAT1) also existed in testis and sperm, but its physiological function was(More)
Early maturity is a particularly important agronomic trait for cotton breeding in China and is determined by many morphological and phenological traits. The time of floral initiation is one of most important factors related to early maturation of cotton. The aim of this study was to identify differentially expressed (DE) genes related to floral initiation(More)
  • 1