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  • Jin Bo Su
  • Journal of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone…
  • 2014
Targeting the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) constitutes a major advance in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Evidence indicates that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin AT1 receptor blockers act on both the RAS and the kallikrein-kinin system (KKS). In addition to the interaction between the RAS and KKS at the level of(More)
End-systolic pressure-volume relations (ESPVRs) were analyzed in 10 closed-chest autonomically blocked dogs before and after volume loading that restored end-diastolic volume to its value measured in the control conscious state. Dogs had been previously instrumented with a left ventricular pressure micromanometer and ultrasonic crystals for measurements of(More)
1. Calcium channel blockers increase cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. These adverse effects are probably related to the negative inotropic effect of calcium channel blockers and/or a neurohormonal activation. 2. The present study was designed to examine, in conscious dogs, the acute haemodynamic and(More)
BACKGROUND Constitutive bradykinin B(1) receptors have been identified in dogs; however, their physiological implications involving the coronary circulation remain to be determined. This study examined, in conscious dogs, the coronary response to des-Arg(9)-bradykinin (a B(1) receptor agonist) and the mechanisms involved. METHODS AND RESULTS Eleven dogs(More)
The respective roles of load level and loading sequence of the left ventricle (LV) are controversial in the in situ heart. They were analyzed under autonomic blockade and sedation in 17 dogs previously instrumented with a pressure micromanometer and ultrasonic crystals measuring LV diameters and wall thickness for computation of LV volume and stress. The(More)
Systolic function is often evaluated by measuring ejection fraction and its preservation is often assimilated with the lack of impairment of systolic left ventricular (LV) function. Considering the left ventricle as a muscular pump, we explored LV function during chronic hypertension independently of increased afterload conditions. Fourteen conscious and(More)
BACKGROUND Studies in isolated cardiomyocytes showed that replenishment in cellular glutathione, achieved with the glutathione precursor N-acetylcysteine (NAC), abrogated deleterious effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). METHODS AND RESULTS We examined the ability of NAC to limit the progression of cardiac injury in the rat model of(More)
The effects on ventricular function of calcium channel blockers and isoproterenol were studied in isovolumically beating perfused control rabbit hearts and in hearts subjected to a double pressure plus volume overload studied at the early phase of heart failure. In control hearts, isoproterenol produced an increase of systolic ventricular function and(More)
To determine the short-term effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition on hemodynamics and circulating levels of norepinephrine, angiotensin, and bradykinin, responses to enalaprilat and perindoprilat were examined at doses of 0.03, 0.3, and 1 mg/kg in permanently instrumented conscious dogs with pacing-induced heart failure (right(More)
Kinins are synthesized from their precursors by different enzymes and participate in the regulation of cardiovascular function through bradykinin (BK) B1 and B2 receptors. They modulate blood coagulation by exerting antithrombotic and profibrinolytic actions. By activating B2 receptors that results in the release of nitric oxide and prostacyclin, kinins(More)