Jimut Kanti Ghosh

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Cytotoxicity, a major obstacle in therapeutic application of antimicrobial peptides, is controlled by leucine-zipper-like sequences in melittin and other naturally occurring antimicrobial peptides. Magainin 2 shows significantly lower cytotoxicity than many naturally occurring antimicrobial peptides and lacks this structural element. To investigate the(More)
During specific stages of thymocyte development, the T cell receptor (TCR) locus is assembled from variable (V), diversity (D), and joining (J) gene segments. Proper TCR ␥ and ␦ V(D)J rearrangement during thymocyte development requires the presence of the E2A proteins. Here we show that E2A and a closely related protein, HEB, in the presence of(More)
Design of antimicrobial peptides with selective activity towards microorganisms is an important step towards the development of new antimicrobial agents. Leucine zipper sequence has been implicated in cytotoxic activity of naturally occurring antimicrobial peptides; moreover, this motif has been utilized for the design of novel antimicrobial peptides with(More)
FasL mediated preferential apoptosis of bystander CTLs while protection of infected CD4(+)T cells remains one of the hallmarks of immune evasion during HIV infection. The property of infected host cells to evade cell-autonomous apoptosis emanates from ability of HIV-1Nef-protein to physically interact with ASK-1 and thereby inhibit its enzymatic activity.(More)
IsCT, a 13-residue, non-cell-selective antimicrobial peptide is comprised of mostly hydrophobic residues and lesser cationic residues. Assuming that placement of an additional positive charge in the non-polar face of IsCT could reduce its hydrophobic interaction, resulting in its reduction of cytotoxicity, an analog, I9K-IsCT was designed. Two more analogs,(More)
To become clinically effective, antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) should be non-cytotoxic to host cells. Piscidins are a group of fish-derived AMPs with potent antimicrobial and antiendotoxin activities but limited by extreme cytotoxicity. We conjectured that introduction of cationic residue(s) at the interface of polar and non-polar faces of piscidins may(More)
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