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The related neuropeptides vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and peptide histidine isoleucine (PHI) are expressed at high levels in the neurons of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), but their function in the regulation of circadian rhythms is unknown. To study the role of these peptides on the circadian system in vivo, a new mouse model was developed in(More)
Although positive and negative signals control neurogenesis in the embryo, factors regulating postnatal proliferation are less well characterized. In the vertebrate cerebellum, Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) is an efficacious mitogen for cerebellar granule neuron precursors (GNPs), and mutations activating the Shh pathway are linked to medulloblastoma, a tumor(More)
We investigated the effects of Matrine on proliferation by trypan blue exclusion and differentiation by benzidine staining positive cells in K-562 cells, assayed the telomerase activity using PCR-ELISA assay, analyzed cell cycle by fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis of the DNA content, and also determined the gene expression level of c-myc, N-ras(More)
The neuropeptides vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) are induced strongly in neurons after several types of injury, and exhibit neuroprotective actions in vitro and in vivo. It is thought that changes in expression of neuropeptides and other molecules in injured neurons are mediated by new factors(More)
Pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) appears to regulate several neuroendocrine functions in the frog, but its messenger RNA (mRNA) structure and brain distribution are unknown. To understand the potential role of PACAP in the male frog hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, we cloned the frog Xenopus laevis PACAP mRNA and determined its(More)
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