Jimmy Parker

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During asparagine starvation the frequency of lysine for asparagine substitutions increases to levels that enable one to isolate and sequence mistranslated protein. We have used site-directed mutagenesis to construct a series of derivatives of the gene encoding the coat protein of the bacteriophage MS2. The mutant set constructed has either AAU or AAC as(More)
A 6-kb fragment of DNA, which complemented defects in the alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH)-encoding gene (adhE) of Escherichia coli, was cloned into a multicopy vector. Both ADH and coenzyme-A-linked acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (ACDH) activities were encoded by the plasmid, pHIL8. The adhE gene was identified as an open reading frame of 891 codons encoding an Mr(More)
The coat protein of the small RNA virus MS2 shows charge heterogeneity in vivo. In most strains there is a basic satellite of the native protein. We have shown that this basic satellite is greatly diminished or absent in strains with the streptomycin-resistant allele, rpsL, a mutation which leads to increased translational accuracy. Further, the satellite(More)
A potential physiologic role of extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) on platelet function is proposed in this report. It is widely accepted that ATP competitively inhibits adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation. Our observations of platelet aggregation with the agonists, collagen, epinephrine, and ADP in the presence of 180 mumol/L(More)
Phagocytosis of Opa+ Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonococcus, GC) by neutrophils is in part dependent on the interaction of Opa proteins with CGM1a (CEACAM3/CD66d) antigens, a neutrophil-specific receptor. However, the signaling pathways leading to phagocytosis have not been characterized. Here we show that interaction of OpaI bacteria with neutrophils or(More)
Biliary glycoprotein (BGP, CD66a, CEACAM1) is a member of the carcinoembryonic antigen family (CEA, CD66), a group of transmembrane proteins belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily. The structural features surrounding the tyrosine residues in the cytoplasmic domain of BGP share similarity with the consensus sequence of the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based(More)
Hemorrhagic complications, as monitored by skin bleeding times, occur in a significant number of chronic renal failure (CRF) patients. The etiology of hemostatic defects in these patients is complex and ill defined. Our studies demonstrate, for the first time, that activated platelets, derived from CRF patients, release significantly (P less than .001) less(More)
The arginyl and valyl transfer ribonucleic acid synthetases (EC 6.1.13 and EC 6.1.1.9, respectively) in various strains of Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium were measured over a wide range of steady state growth rates. Both enzymes were found to increase approximately 2.5-fold in specific activity over a 7-fold increase in growth rate. Appropriate(More)
METABOLIC REGULATION OF AMINOACYL-tRNA SYNTHETASE FORMATION IN BACTERIA Jack Parker and Frederick C. Neidhardt Department of Microbiology 6643 Medical Sciences Building II The University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104 Received September 6,1972 SUMMARY The cellular levels of several aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases vary with the rate of growth of Salmonella(More)
This study compared the responses of canine and human platelets to various aggregating agonists in the presence or absence of extracellular ATP and ATP analogues. Canine and human platelets were approximately equally reactive with ADP or collagen while the canine platelets were about 10 fold more sensitive to thrombin. Canine platelets were insensitive to(More)