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The rapid discovery of sequence information from the Human Genome Project has exponentially increased the amount of data that can be retrieved from biomedical experiments. Gene expression profiling, through the use of microarray technology, is rapidly contributing to an improved understanding of global, coordinated cellular events in a variety of paradigms.(More)
Biliary glycoprotein (BGP, CD66a, CEACAM1) is a member of the carcinoembryonic antigen family (CEA, CD66), a group of transmembrane proteins belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily. The structural features surrounding the tyrosine residues in the cytoplasmic domain of BGP share similarity with the consensus sequence of the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based(More)
During asparagine starvation the frequency of lysine for asparagine substitutions increases to levels that enable one to isolate and sequence mistranslated protein. We have used site-directed mutagenesis to construct a series of derivatives of the gene encoding the coat protein of the bacteriophage MS2. The mutant set constructed has either AAU or AAC as(More)
Nile Red is a fluorescent dye used extensively to study fat accumulation in many types of cells; unfortunately protocols that work well for most cells are not effective for studying drug-induced lipid accumulation in cultured liver cells and hepatocyte-derived cell lines. Using human hepatoma (HepG2) cells, we have developed a simple Nile Red binding assay(More)
A 6-kb fragment of DNA, which complemented defects in the alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH)-encoding gene (adhE) of Escherichia coli, was cloned into a multicopy vector. Both ADH and coenzyme-A-linked acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (ACDH) activities were encoded by the plasmid, pHIL8. The adhE gene was identified as an open reading frame of 891 codons encoding an Mr(More)
The acceleration of drug discovery due to combinatorial chemistry and high-throughput screening methods has increased the numbers of candidate pharmaceuticals entering the drug development phase, and the capability to accurately predict whether drug candidates will induce various members of the drug-metabolizing cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme superfamily is(More)
Phagocytosis of Opa+ Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonococcus, GC) by neutrophils is in part dependent on the interaction of Opa proteins with CGM1a (CEACAM3/CD66d) antigens, a neutrophil-specific receptor. However, the signaling pathways leading to phagocytosis have not been characterized. Here we show that interaction of OpaI bacteria with neutrophils or(More)
A simple resazurin-based cytotoxicity assay is presented for screening of cytotoxicity in hepatocytes and liver cell lines. Human hepatoma (HepG2) cells in 96-well culture plates were exposed to known toxic (cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil, ethionine, flufenamic acid, and diflunisal) and control (transplatin, 5-chlorouracil, methionine, and acetylsalicylic acid)(More)
A potential physiologic role of extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) on platelet function is proposed in this report. It is widely accepted that ATP competitively inhibits adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation. Our observations of platelet aggregation with the agonists, collagen, epinephrine, and ADP in the presence of 180 mumol/L(More)
The fidelity of codon reading was examined in amino acid starved Escherichia coli. In one case the level of misincorporation of methionine was measured at an isoleucine residue encoded by either the commonly used AUU codon or the rarely used AUA codon. In this situation we found the frequency of methionine misincorporation to be very low and to be(More)