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Diffusion weighted MRI was performed on patients with acute vertebral body compression. The usefulness of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in differentiating between benign and malignant fractures was evaluated. A total of 49 acute vertebral body compression fractures were found in 32 patients. 25 fractures in 18 patients were due to osteoporosis,(More)
Myelinated axons of white matter demonstrate prominent directional differences in water diffusion. We performed diffusion-weighted imaging on ten patients with head injury to explore the feasibility of using water diffusion anisotropy for quantitating diffuse axonal injury. We showed significant decrease in diffusion anisotropy indices in areas with or(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the ability of diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to differentiate between hepatic abscess and cystic or necrotic liver tumor. METHODS DW MR imaging was performed in 18 patients who had liver masses with large cystic or necrotic cavities detected by computed tomography or ultrasonography. The final diagnoses(More)
The objective of the study was to evaluate the capability and reliability of the magnetic resonance (MR) diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in differentiation between hydronephrosis and pyonephrosis. Single-shot echoplanar MR diffusion-weighted imaging was performed in 12 patients who had dilatation of the renal pelvis and calyces detected by ultrasonography(More)
A large number of artifacts occur in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the musculoskeletal system. These artifacts may potentially affect the quality of MR images, and may also simulate pathologic conditions and produce pitfalls in interpretation. Motion artifacts may be periodic or random. Protocol-error artifacts include saturation, wraparound,(More)
Cerebral abscess may sometimes mimic necrotic tumor and cystic metastases both clinically and radiologically. The imaging findings may be indistinguishable on conventional magnetic resonance imaging. Although recent studies have shown that cerebral abscess displays restricted diffusion on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), it is not pathognomic. Necrotic(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the signal characteristics of the abscess wall and tumor wall on diffusion-weighted and perfusion-weighted images and thus to evaluate the feasibility of using combined MR diffusion and perfusion imaging to differentiate pyogenic cerebral abscess from infected brain tumor. The tumor wall of various types of cystic or(More)
We examined nine patients with histologically proven nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), treated with radiotherapy, using dynamic susceptibility contrast MRI (DSC-MRI). In eight there was clinical evidence of radionecrosis of the temporal lobe, and one was examined for local recurrence in the nasopharynx. All patients had either high-signal finger-like or(More)
Late temporal lobe necrosis is a well-known and serious complication in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) following radiotherapy. Owing to the close proximity to the skull base, the medial temporal lobes are inevitably included in the target volume of irradiation. Patients with NPC provide a unique opportunity in study of delay radiation effect(More)