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Platinum compounds with the diaminocyclohexane (dach) carrier ligand are of particular interest because cell lines that have developed resistance to platinum compounds in general often retain sensitivity to dach-platinum compounds, suggesting that the dach carrier ligand affects the formation, repair, or lethality of platinum-DNA adducts. The effect of the(More)
Glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase (GFAT) catalyzes the first committed step in the pathway for biosynthesis of hexosamines in mammals. A member of the N-terminal nucleophile class of amidotransferases, GFAT transfers the amino group from the L-glutamine amide to D-fructose 6-phosphate, producing glutamic acid and glucosamine 6-phosphate. The(More)
Activation of the contact system has been documented in severe sepsis and hereditary angioedema, but a sensitive, specific, and quantitative assay for assessing the degree of involvement of this proteolytic enzyme cascade is not yet available. We have developed a quantitative sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the alpha(More)
Tetranitromethane inhibits acetylcholinesterase with respect to the hydrolysis of both acetylthiocholine and indophenyl acetate. The loss of activity with indophenyl acetate, a poor substrate, is preceded by an increase in enzyme activity. Only 12 of the 21 tyrosine residues/monomer of enzyme are susceptible to nitration. Loss of activity with respect to(More)
The hypotension and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in bacteremia is thought to be mediated by the combined actions of cytokines, prostaglandins, and complement. The contact system, via the release of bradykinin and the activation of Factor XI, has been postulated to be contributing to the observed hypotension and DIC. Using a mAb to Factor XII(More)
Activation parameters for each reaction step in the kinetic mechanism of liver alcohol dehydrogenase have been measured for the oxidation of ethanol and the reduction of acetaldehyde. In the oxidation process, the highest enthalpy of activation, 9.7 kcal/mol, occurs for the turnover of the liver alcohol dehydrogenase-NAD(+)-ethanol ternary complex. To(More)
Optical aggregometry, traditionally used to assess platelet function, is highly dependent on sample preparation and technical procedure; as a result, data from various laboratories can be quite variable. In a study designed to assess the sources of variation, it was determined that the total standard deviation ranged from 3.6% to 7.7%. The assay variation(More)
The predominant autolytic form of human kallikrein, beta-kallikrein, was used to localize the high molecular weight kininogen (HK) binding site on kallikrein as well as the substrate recognition site for activated factor XII on prekallikrein. beta-Kallikrein is formed by autolysis of the kallikrein heavy chain to give two fragments of approximately 18 and(More)
OBJECTIVE To test if serially sampled determinations of the contact system proteins and factor V have prognostic value for death in patients who develop the systemic inflammatory response syndrome. DESIGN Prospective, observational study with sequential measurements in an inception cohort. SETTING Medical intensive care unit (ICU) in a community(More)
Knowledge of the organization of the kininogen gene and protein structure and function correlations has allowed the development of a model of high molecular weight kininogen. Domains 1-3 on the heavy chain are evolutionarily related to cystatin and the latter two are inhibitors of cysteine proteases. Proteolytic cleavage in domain 4 to release bradykinin(More)