Jimmy D. Browning

Learn More
Zinc deficiency results in defective central nervous system function and in peripheral neuropathy. Calcium serves as second messenger in both pre- and postsynaptic membranes. Presynaptic uptake of calcium occurs via voltage-gated channels, whereas postsynaptic uptake occurs by way of a glutamate-activated channel, the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)(More)
Prostate cancer is an important public health problem in the United States. Seven phytoestrogens found in common herbal products were screened for estrogen receptor binding and growth inhibition of androgen-insensitive (PC-3) and androgen-sensitive (LNCaP) human prostate tumor cells. In a competitive 3H-estradiol ligand binding assay using mouse uterine(More)
Zinc deficiency in guinea pigs decreases glutamate-stimulated calcium uptake in cortical synaptosomes. Glutamate not only stimulates calcium uptake but also potentiates the binding of the drug dizocilpine (MK-801) to an internal site of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor/calcium channel, a subtype of the glutamate receptor. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Zinc deprivation results in decreased and cyclic food intake in rats. We determined the response of zinc-deprived rats to neuropeptide Y (NPY). In a preliminary experiment, rats were fed a low (-Zn; <1 mg/kg) or adequate zinc diet (+Zn; 100 mg/kg) for 4 days. NPY (5 or 10 microg) was then administered via an intracerebroventricular (ICV) cannula and food(More)
Rats offered a zinc-deficient (-Zn) diet voluntarily reduce their food intake within 3-4 days. Megestrol acetate (MA) is an appetite-stimulating drug used to treat cachexia of chronic diseases. In previous work, we found MA administration to male rats increased consumption of a -Zn diet. This approach would provide a useful tool for nutritional studies in(More)
This review is concerned with the role of zinc in the function of the nervous system with emphasis on the effects of dietary zinc deprivation. Zinc deficiency leads to several pathological signs, some of which occur within a few days in growing animals deprived of zinc. Depletion eventually leads progressively to more severe behavioral changes, to abnormal(More)
Sutherlandia frutescens is a medicinal plant that has been traditionally used in southern Africa for cancers, infections, and inflammatory conditions. We recently published experiments demonstrating that an aqueous extract of S. frutescens possessed potent immune-stimulatory activity. This work was carried out with murine macrophages, an immune cell type(More)
Zinc deficiency in 3T3 cells induced by the use of diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (DTPA) has been shown to impair calcium entry associated with failure of proliferation when the cells are stimulated with polypeptide growth factors (GF). These functions of zinc have been evaluated here in the same clone of cells by simple depletion using a low-zinc medium(More)
  • 1