Jimmy D. Browning

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Zinc plays a critical role in growth, a process that depends primarily on cell proliferation. Murine fibroblasts, Swiss 3T3 cells, were used to explore the hypothesis that a critical role of zinc in cell proliferation relates to its function in calcium influx. Cells were deprived of zinc by an impermeant chelator, diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (0.6(More)
3-Deoxyanthoxyanins (3-DXA) possess unique chemical and biochemical properties and may be useful in helping reduce incidence of gastrointestinal cancer. This study tested sorghum extracts rich in 3-DXA as well as isolated and synthetic 3-DXA for potential to induce activity of phase II enzymes in murine hepatoma cells using the NAD(P)H:quinone(More)
Prostate cancer is an important public health problem in the United States. Seven phytoestrogens found in common herbal products were screened for estrogen receptor binding and growth inhibition of androgen-insensitive (PC-3) and androgen-sensitive (LNCaP) human prostate tumor cells. In a competitive 3H-estradiol ligand binding assay using mouse uterine(More)
Consumption of soy foods has been weakly associated with reduced colon cancer risk. Colon cancer risk is influenced by estrogen exposure, although the mechanism through which this occurs is not defined. Conversion of estradiol (E2) to estrone (E1) may be protective in the colon. We hypothesized that dietary phytoestrogens, or E1, would reduce colon(More)
Rats offered a zinc-deficient (-Zn) diet voluntarily reduce their food intake within 3-4 days. Megestrol acetate (MA) is an appetite-stimulating drug used to treat cachexia of chronic diseases. In previous work, we found MA administration to male rats increased consumption of a -Zn diet. This approach would provide a useful tool for nutritional studies in(More)
Soybeans have long been recognized as an excellent source of high-quality protein. The soybean also contains a wide variety of chemical compounds that have potent bioactivity. Among these compounds are the isoflavones and the saponins. The goal of our research was to quantify isoflavone and saponin concentrations in elite soybean cultivars grown in(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Sutherlandia frutescens (L.) R. Br. is an indigenous plant of southern Africa that has been traditionally used for various cancers, infections, and inflammatory conditions. AIM OF THE STUDY Our aim was to investigate the potential immuno-stimulatory activity of a polysaccharide-enriched fraction (SFPS) from a decoction of S.(More)
Sutherlandia frutescens is a botanical widely used in southern Africa for treatment of inflammatory and other conditions. Previously, an ethanolic extract of S. frutescens (SFE) has been shown to inhibit the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) by murine neurons and a microglia cell line (BV-2 cells). In this study we sought to(More)
Zinc is an essential trace element whose deficiency gives rise to specific pathological signs. These signs occur because an essential metabolic function is impaired as the result of failure to form or maintain a specific metal-ion protein complex. Although zinc is a component of many essential metalloenzymes and transcription factors, few of these have been(More)
Sutherlandia frutescens is a medicinal plant that has been traditionally used in southern Africa for cancers, infections, and inflammatory conditions. We recently published experiments demonstrating that an aqueous extract of S. frutescens possessed potent immune-stimulatory activity. This work was carried out with murine macrophages, an immune cell type(More)