Jimmy C Chubb

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We consider optimal growth of larval stages in complex parasite life cycles where there is no constraint because of host immune responses. Our model predicts an individual's asymptotic size in its intermediate host, with and without competition from conspecific larvae. We match observed variations in larval growth patterns in pseudophyllid cestodes with(More)
The fundamental question of how complex life cycles--where there is typically more than one host-evolve in host--parasite systems remains largely unexplored. We suggest that complex cycles in helminths without penetrative infective stages evolve by two essentially different processes, depending on where in the cycle a new host is inserted. In 'upward(More)
Links between parasites and food webs are evolutionarily ancient but dynamic: life history theory provides insights into helminth complex life cycle origins. Most adult helminths benefit by sexual reproduction in vertebrates, often high up food chains, but direct infection is commonly constrained by a trophic vacuum between free-living propagules and(More)
In complex life cycles, larval helminths typically migrate from the gut to exploit the tissues of their intermediate hosts. Yet the definitive host's gut is overwhelmingly the most favoured site for adult helminths to release eggs. Vertebrate nematodes with one-host cycles commonly migrate to a site in the host away from the gut before returning to the gut(More)
In complex cycles, helminth larvae in their intermediate hosts typically grow to a fixed size. We define this cessation of growth before transmission to the next host as growth arrest at larval maturity (GALM). Where the larval parasite controls its own growth in the intermediate host, in order that growth eventually arrests, some form of size- or(More)
A gradient of chronic organic pollution was identified in a small river in south-east England. The parasite fauna of the ubiquitous three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus L.) was studied at the extremes of the pollution gradient and trichodinid ciliates identified as a potential bioindicator. A simple technique was developed for the quantification(More)
We review how trophically transmitted helminths adapt to the special problems associated with successive hosts in complex cycles. In intermediate hosts, larvae typically show growth arrest at larval maturity (GALM). Theoretical models indicate that optimization of size at GALM requires larval mortality rate to increase with time between infection and GALM:(More)
Two suprapopulations of monogeneans, one each of Gyrodactylus bullatarudis and G. turnbulli, on two groups of ten experimentally infected adult guppies (Poecilia reticulata) were maintained separately in 50-l aquaria and monitored over 210 days. The G. bullatarudis population had a pattern of initial growth, then a subsequent decline to extinction after 40(More)
The seasonal maturation of four species of helminths, Acanthocephalus clavula, A. lucii, Camallanus lacustris and Bunodera luciopercae, from the perch Perca fluviatilis is briefly described. It is noted that A. clavula, A. lucii and C. lacustris are found as mature worms in the intestine of the fish host throughout the year, whereas in Bunodera luciopercae(More)