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Neurturin (NTN) is a recently identified homologue of glial-cell-line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF). Both factors promote the survival of a variety of neurons, and GDNF is required for the development of the enteric nervous system and kidney. GDNF signals through a receptor complex consisting of the receptor tyrosine kinase Ret and a(More)
Using a subtractive hybridization technique directed to cloning transcripts with compartmentalized distributions within cerebral cortex neurons, we have isolated rat s-rex mRNAs that are analogues of the human neuroendocrine-specific NSP gene transcripts. Differential splicing produces two main s-rex mRNA that have different regional distributions in the(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs with diameter in the range of 10–30 nm) before and after chemical surface functionalisation on macrophages response. The study has shown that the detailed analysis of the physicochemical properties of this particular form of carbon nanomaterial is a crucial issue to(More)
Mouse trigeminal neurons survive independently of neurotrophins when their axons are growing to their targets, and are then transiently supported by BDNF before becoming NGF dependent. During the stage of neurotrophin independence, transcripts encoding the BDNF receptor, TrkB, were expressed at very low levels. During the stage of BDNF dependence, high(More)
We have used short-term (8 h) cultures of week-old rat cerebellar granule cells to examine the effects on neuritogenesis of activation and down-regulation of protein kinase C by phorbol esters. We have previously demonstrated that endogenously released glutamate promoted neurite outgrowth in the same system acting via N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors. Low(More)
The sensory neurons of the vestibular and nodose ganglia of the chicken embryo have nearby and distant targets, respectively. In vitro studies have shown that these neurons survive independently of neurotrophins when their axons are growing to their targets and become dependent on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) for survival when their axons reach(More)
We report the initial characterization of mOb1 (Odd homeoBox 1), which encodes an atypical 73 amino acid K50-homeodomain protein localised in the cytoplasm and absent from nuclei during mouse development. Conserved orthologues were present in man, rat, cow, pig and chicken, but not in fish, amphibians or invertebrates. Temporo-spatial patterns of mOb1(More)
Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) possess unique properties rendering them a potentially useful biomaterial for neurobiological applications such as providing nanoscale contact-guidance cues for directing axon growth within peripheral nerve repair scaffolds. The in vitro biocompatibility of MWCNTs with postnatal mouse spinal sensory neurons was assessed(More)
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