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BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking inhibits T-cell responses in the lungs, but the immunosuppressive compounds have not been fully identified. Cigarette smoke extracts inhibit IL-2, IFN-gamma, and TNF-alpha production in stimulated lymphocytes obtained from peripheral blood, even when the extracts were diluted 100-fold to 1000-fold. OBJECTIVE The objective of(More)
Cigarette smoke is a potent inhibitor of pulmonary T cell responses, resulting in decreased immune surveillance and an increased incidence of respiratory tract infections. The alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes in cigarette smoke (acrolein and crotonaldehyde) inhibited production of interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-10, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating(More)
Intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke (ICH) causes high mortality and morbidity with very limited treatment options. Cell-based therapy has emerged as a novel approach to replace damaged brain tissues and promote regenerative processes. In this study we tested the hypothesis that intranasally delivered hypoxia-preconditioned BMSCs could reach the brain, promote(More)
The transcription factor NF-kappaB is a key regulator of inflammation and cell survival. NF-kappaB activation increases following cerebral ischemia. We previously showed accelerated aging process in NF-kappaB p50 subunit knockout (p50 -/-) mice under physiological condition. The present investigation concerned the role of NF-kappaB p50 gene in(More)
Heparanase is a heparan sulfate degrading endoglycosidase. Previous work has demonstrated that heparanase plays important roles in various biological processes including angiogenesis, wound healing and metastasis. However, the role of heparanase in the post-ischemic brain is not well defined. Transient focal cerebral ischemia in adult mice was induced by(More)
Multiple brainstem manifestations have been rarely reported during the same attack in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD). We describe a 39-year-old Asian woman presenting multiple brainstem manifestations including intractable nausea and vomiting, vertigo, diplopia, facial palsy, hypogeusia, ophthalmoplegia, hemiplegia, dysphagia and tonic(More)
DL-3-n-Butylphthalide (NBP) has shown cytoprotective effects in animal models of stroke and has passed clinical trials as a therapeutic drug for stroke in China. Hence, as a potential clinical treatment for stroke, understanding the mechanism(s) of action of NBP is essential. This investigation aimed to delineate the cellular and molecular mechanism of NBP(More)
BACKGROUND Transient white matter lesions have been rarely reported in X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1. CASE PRESENTATION We describe a 15-year-old boy who presented transient and recurrent weakness of the limbs for 5 days. His mother, his mother's mother and his mother's sister presented pes cavus. MRI and electrophysiology were performed in(More)
BACKGROUND To determine the efficacy of low-dose, immediate-release tacrolimus in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) with inadequate response to glucocorticoid therapy in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. METHODS Eligible patients had inadequate response to glucocorticoids (GCs) after ⩾6 weeks of treatment with prednisone ⩾0.75(More)
Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) is a congenital malformation characterized by the absence of enteric ganglia in the distal intestine and gut obstruction. Some HSCR patients also have associated neurological symptoms. We studied a rat model of HSCR, also known as spotting lethal (sl/sl) rat, which carries a spontaneous deletion in the gene of endothelin(More)