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Embryonic stem (ES) cell pluripotency is regulated in part by transcription factor (TF) pathways that maintain self-renewal and inhibit differentiation. Stat3 and c-Myc TFs are essential for maintaining mouse ES cell self-renewal. c-Myc, together with Oct4, Sox2, and Klf4, is a reprogramming factor. While previous studies have investigated core(More)
INTRODUCTION Atrioventricular block (AVB) can be caused by several conditions, including cardiac sarcoidosis (CS). The prevalence of CS causing this presentation in a North American population has not been investigated and was the purpose of this study. METHODS We prospectively evaluated patients aged 18-60 years presenting with unexplained 2nd or 3rd(More)
INTRODUCTION Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease of unknown etiology, which involves the heart in 5-25% of cases. Although ventricular tachycardia (VT) has been reported as the first presentation of sarcoidosis, its prevalence has not previously been investigated. In this prospective study, we sought to systematically investigate the prevalence of(More)
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