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—Minimal advance for best torque (MBT) timing for an internal combustion (IC) spark ignition (SI) engine is the minimum advance of spark timing for the best torque or, in other words, for the best fuel economy. But MBT timing is often limited by engine knock in the advanced direction and spark timing is also constrained by partial burn and misfire in the(More)
Macrophages, on stimulation, generate both cyclo-oxygenase and lipoxygenase products of arachidonic acid as well as the acetylated phospholipid, PAF-acether. The latter induces the oxidative burst in C. parvum-activated macrophages, but has little activity on resident macrophages. Mouse macrophages are generally rather insensitive to PAF-acether.(More)
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