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Carbon emissions and stores are increasingly important as solutions are sought to address climate change. Focusing on some forest-related carbon pools but omitting product carbon frequently results in invalid conclusions. This study examined carbon emissions and stores in the life cycle of wood products in comparison with alternative materials. Emissions(More)
These working papers present preliminary research findings, and you are advised to cite with caution unless you first contact the author regarding possible amendments. Abstract Negotiated settlements are a form of regulation of public utilities that is alternative or complementary to the conventional process of litigation. Since the early 1960s they have(More)
More than half of all known proteins, and almost all membrane and extra-cellular proteins have oligosaccharide structures or glycans attached to them. Defects in glycosylation pathways are directly involved in at least 30 severe human diseases.A multiple center cross-sectional study (China, Croatia, and Scotland) was carried out to investigate the possible(More)
The ability of the colon to generate an immune response to pathogens, such as the model pathogen Trichuris muris, is a fundamental and critical defense mechanism. Resistance to T. muris infection is associated with the rapid recruitment of dendritic cells (DCs) to the colonic epithelium via epithelial chemokine production. However, the epithelial-pathogen(More)
With the recent release of the CORRIM II Phase I research results, a rare opportunity exists to compare and contrast the wood products industry's process advancements with that of the original CORRIM study completed three decades ago. This technical review explores the continued innovation in wood product processing technologies over the last 30 years to(More)
he Consortium for Research on Renewable Industrial Materials (CORRIM) was created as a not-for-profit consortium by 15 research institutions to update and expand a 1976 report by the National Academy of Science regarding the impacts of producing and using renewable materials. The original report focused specifically on the energy impacts, but since then, a(More)
reasons of economy, documents are printed in a limited number, and will not be distributed at the Meeting. Delegates are requested to bring their copy to the meeting and not to request additional copies. Summary: This document has been submitted by BirdLife International and the International Wader Study Group in order to provide background information on a(More)