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Environments that are hostile to life are characterized by reduced microbial activity which results in poor soil- and plant-health, low biomass and biodiversity, and feeble ecosystem development. Whereas the functional biosphere may primarily be constrained by water activity (a(w)) the mechanism(s) by which this occurs have not been fully elucidated.(More)
Archaea and Bacteria constitute a majority of life systems on Earth but have long been considered inferior to Eukarya in terms of solute tolerance. Whereas the most halophilic prokaryotes are known for an ability to multiply at saturated NaCl (water activity (a(w)) 0.755) some xerophilic fungi can germinate, usually at high-sugar concentrations, at values(More)
Achieving the real-time linkage among multiple, geographically-distant, local area networks that support distributed interactive simulation (DIS) requires tremendous bandwidth and communication resources. Today, meeting the bandwidth and communication requirements of DIS is one of the major challenges facing the design and implementation of large scale DIS(More)
A number of pharmacologic treatments examined in recent randomized clinical trials (RCTs) have failed to show statistically significant superiority to placebo in conditions in which their efficacy had previously been demonstrated. Assuming the validity of previous evidence of efficacy and the comparability of the patients and outcome measures in these(More)
The Grid Datafarm architecture is designed for global petascale data-intensive computing. It provides a global parallel file system (Gfarm file system) with online petascale storage, scalable I/O bandwidth, and scalable parallel processing by federating thousands of local file systems in a grid of clusters securely using Grid security infrastructure. One of(More)
Linear Technology and the Linear logo are registered trademarks of Linear Technology Corporation. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Most monolithic amplifiers cannot supply more than a few hundred milliwatts of output power. Standard IC processing techniques set device supply levels at 36V, limiting available output swing.(More)
A87041. Any opinions expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the New Jersey Department of Human Services. iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to acknowledge the contribution many people made to this report. At the New Jersey Department of Human Services Office of Policy and Planning, Rachel(More)