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Coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors were studied in 250 monozygotic (MZ) and 264 dizygotic (DZ) male veteran twin pairs, aged 42-56. All coronary heart disease risk factors studied showed significant correlations in both MZ and DZ twins. Substantial genetic variation was detected for height, blood pressure, glucose intolerance, uric acid, plasma(More)
A prospective trial was performed in which biopsy and cytology specimens were obtained on 202 consecutive patients including 47 with esophageal or gastric carcinomas. The first biopsy specimen yielded a correct diagnosis in the majority of instances: 70% of gastric carcinomas and 93% of esophageal carcinomas. Three additional biopsy specimens increased the(More)
We prospectively compared the efficacy of polyvinyl bougies (Savary type) passed over a guide wire and through-the-scope balloons for the dilation of peptic esophageal strictures in a randomized study. Thirty-four patients, 17 in each treatment arm, were studied. At entry, dysphagia was assessed according to a six-point scale (0, unable to swallow; 5,(More)
Although bougienage is widely used to treat benign esophageal stricture, the rate of stricture recurrence and the long-term effectiveness of bougienage are unknown. We studied the natural history of esophageal stricture in 154 patients in whom bougienage was used as primary therapy. Dilatations were considered successful in terms of relief or major(More)
Anatomic dissection of the posterior interosseous nerve in 26 cadaver forearms was performed to assess variability in location, diameter, and branching patterns of the nerve. The purpose of our study was to determine the anatomic reliability of the posterior interosseous nerve at the distal forearm level as a potential donor nerve graft for segmental(More)
Clinical measurements of a horizontal cup/disc ratio were obtained among a sample of 160 normal twin subjects by stereoscopic biomicroscopy. Measurements of horizontal cup/disc ratio were normally distributed and theere was no significant association with sex, laterally, race, or refractive error in the mid-range. However, there was a significant(More)
BACKGROUND Recent case reports suggested a link between oral bisphosphonate use and esophageal cancer. We therefore examined the association between these medications and the risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) in patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE). DESIGN This was a nested, matched case-control study. Cases with incident EAC at least 6 months(More)
Toothpicks have been used since antiquity as instruments for mouth cleansing and as eating utensils. Toothpick injury to the gastrointestinal tract is often suspected only at the time of operation because patients rarely relate a history of swallowing toothpicks and most toothpicks are not radiopaque. The spectrum of toothpick injury to the gastrointestinal(More)