Jim R. van Horn

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Infections by bacteria are a serious complication following orthopedic implant surgery, that can usually only be cured by removing the implant, since the biofilm mode of growth of infecting bacteria on an implant surface protects the organisms from the host immune system and antibiotic therapy. Over the past few decades, attempts have been made to prevent(More)
In this study, the release of gentamicin as a function of time was measured for six different gentamicin-loaded bone cements and related with the surface roughness, porosity and wettability of the cements. Initial release rates varied little between the six bone cements (CMW1, CMW3, CMW Endurance, CMW 2000, Palacos, and Palamed) and ranged from 8.6 to 14.1(More)
INTRODUCTION Digital correction of the magnification factor is expected to yield more accurate and reliable preoperative plans. We hypothesized that digital templating would be more accurate than manual templating for total hip and knee arthroplasties. PATIENTS AND METHODS Firstly, we established the interobserver and intraobserver reliability of the(More)
Biomaterial-associated infection of orthopaedic joint replacements is the second most common cause of implant failure. Yet, the microbiologic detection rate of infection is relatively low, probably because routine hospital cultures are made only of swabs or small pieces of excised tissue and not of the surfaces of potentially infected implants. Joint(More)
In this in vitro study, the formation of a Staphylococcus aureus biofilm on six gentamicin-loaded bone cements (CMW1, CMW3, CMW Endurance, CMW2000, Palacos, and Palamed) was determined in a modified Robbins device over a 3 days time span and related with previously (Van de Belt et al., Biomaterials 21 (2000) 1981) measured kinetics of antibiotic release by(More)
In two-stage orthopaedic revision surgery, high local levels of antibiotics are achieved after removal of an infected prosthesis through temporary implantation of gentamicin-loaded beads. However, despite their antibiotic release, these beads act as a biomaterial surface to which bacteria preferentially adhere, grow and potentially develop antibiotic(More)
UNLABELLED We evaluated the long-term results of three total hip and nine total knee arthroplasties in nine haemophilic patients with disabling pain and end-stage arthropathy. These patients have been followed over a period of 2-12 years (mean 6.9). One patient had a post-operative haematoma, which was evacuated; two patients required manipulation of the(More)
In this study, we followed-up the family with bilateral hereditary micro-epiphyseal dysplasia (BHMED) originally described by Elsbach [1959: J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 41-B:514-523]. Clinical re-examination of all available family members resulted in further delineation of the clinical and radiological phenotype, which is distinct from common multiple(More)
There has been an increase in the incidence of bone and joint tuberculosis (BJTB) in The Netherlands and we have carried out an epidemiological study in order to find an explanation for this increase. Data from 1993 to 2000 from The Netherlands Tuberculosis Register (NTR) were used. In 1993 there was a total of 52 patients with BJTB. This figure increased(More)
BACKGROUND Infection is an infrequent but serious complication of prosthetic joint surgery. These infections will usually not clear until the implant is removed and re-implantation has a high failure rate, especially when Pseudomonas aeruginosa is involved. MATERIAL AND METHODS We examined Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation on plain and(More)