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There has been a surge of interest in the functional consequences of neurocognitive deficits in schizophrenia. The published literature in this area has doubled in the last few years. In this paper, we will attempt to confirm the conclusions from a previous review that certain neurocognitive domains (secondary verbal memory, immediate memory, executive(More)
BACKGROUND Brain iron promotes oxidative damage and protein oligomerization that result in highly prevalent age-related proteinopathies such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB). Men are more likely to develop such diseases at earlier ages than women but brain iron levels increase with age in both(More)
BACKGROUND Imaging and postmortem studies provide converging evidence that, beginning in adolescence, gray matter volume declines linearly until old age, while cerebrospinal fluid volumes are stable in adulthood (age 20-50 years). Given the fixed volume of the cranium in adulthood, it is surprising that most studies observe no white matter volume expansion(More)
Human and non-human primate data suggest that the structural integrity of myelin sheaths deteriorates during normal aging, especially in the late-myelinating association regions and may result in "disconnection" of widely distributed neural networks. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to assess the heterogeneity of this process and its impact on(More)
BACKGROUND Imaging and postmortem studies suggest that frontal lobe white matter (FLWM) volume expands until about the age of 44.6 years and then declines. Postmortem evidence indicates that the structural integrity of myelin sheaths deteriorates during normal aging, especially in late myelinating regions such as the frontal lobes. OBJECTIVES To assess(More)
Postmortem and in vivo imaging data support the hypothesis that premature myelin breakdown and subsequent homeostatic remyelination attempts with increased oligodendrocyte and iron levels may contribute to Huntington’s Disease (HD) pathogenesis and the symmetrical progress of neuronal loss from earlier-myelinating striatum to later-myelinating regions. A(More)
Accuracy in psychiatric diagnosis is critical for evaluating the suitability of the subjects for entry into research protocols and for establishing comparability of findings across study sites. However, training programs in the use of diagnostic instruments for research projects are not well systematized. Furthermore, little information has been published(More)
The Developmental Processes in Schizophrenic Disorders project is a longitudinal study of schizophrenic patients who have recently had a first episode of psychosis. The project focuses on discriminating characteristics of schizophrenic patients that are "stable vulnerability indicators," "mediating vulnerability factors," and "episode indicators" by(More)