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The human genome holds an extraordinary trove of information about human development, physiology, medicine and evolution. Here we report the results of an international collaboration to produce and make freely available a draft sequence of the human genome. We also present an initial analysis of the data, describing some of the insights that can be gleaned(More)
Differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) provides a unique opportunity to study the regulatory mechanisms that facilitate cellular transitions in a human context. To that end, we performed comprehensive transcriptional and epigenetic profiling of populations derived through directed differentiation of hESCs representing each of the three(More)
Sequencing-based approaches have led to new insights about DNA methylation. While many different techniques for genome-scale mapping of DNA methylation have been employed, throughput has been a key limitation for most. To further facilitate the mapping of DNA methylation, we describe a protocol for gel-free multiplexed reduced representation bisulfite(More)
The sequence of the mouse genome is a key informational tool for understanding the contents of the human genome and a key experimental tool for biomedical research. Here, we report the results of an international collaboration to produce a high-quality draft sequence of the mouse genome. We also present an initial comparative analysis of the mouse and human(More)
Although Illumina shot-gun reads cover most genomes almost completely, sequences with extreme base compositions are often underrepresented or missing. Bias can potentially be introduced at any step during the library construction in the lab, on the Illumina instrument, in data processing or at the sequence analysis stage. Here we set out to evaluate sources(More)
Automated estimation of DNA base-sequences is an important step in genomics and in many other emerging fields in biological and medical sciences. Current automated sequencers process single strands only. To improve the utility of existing technologies, we propose to mix two independent strands prior to electrophoresis, and base-call jointly by applying the(More)
We have studied the effects of placing Co/Pt multilayers on dysprosium-iron-garnet doped with bismuth and aluminum. The garnet was deposited by RF-magnetron sputtering and crystallized by rapid thermal annealing. The Co/Pt multilayers were then deposited by DC-magnetron sputtering. The garnet thickness was held constant at lOOOA while the ColPt multilayer(More)
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