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Rationale: Estrogen concentrations decline with age and menopause is often followed by an acceleration of the age effects on cognition. It is suggested that replacement of estrogen would reinstate, at least in part, cognitive abilities. Effects of estrogens on memory have been reported in studies with women in a clinical setting who either needed or wished(More)
Differences in hemispheric lateralisation between males and females were tested using a manual-verbal task combination. The manual task was finger tapping and the verbal task required reciting words. Words were presented either visually or aurally in order to examine a possible role of modality of presentation on hemispheric lateralisation. The influence of(More)
Twenty-five subjects with primary fibromyalgia syndrome and 22 subjects with rheumatoid arthritis were compared on measures of psychological distress, pain, health status, life stress, sleep disturbance, and coping strategies. Higher levels of psychological distress were found in the primary fibromyalgia syndrome group, but the degree of life stress was(More)
— There is currently no widely accepted method for converting packet-based measurements of Quality-of-Service (QoS) into a score reflecting a user's opinion of network performance. Such a measure is desirable for comparing networks, making design trade-offs, or enforcing service-level agreements (SLAs), and is likely to be a popular area of future study. It(More)
This study examined three outcomes of assertion training considered relevant for alcoholics: (a) assertive behavior in negative situations; (b) discomfort in negative situations that call for assertive behavior; and (c) expectations of assertive behavior in sober vs. intoxicated states. Subjects were 38 male alcoholics in an inpatient treatment program.(More)
This study examined the effects of patient and treatment variables on alcoholic outpatient recovery over a one year period. One-hundred-seventy-four subjects, dichotomized by age (less than or equal to 42 or greater than 42) and employment status (employed or unemployed), were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups (medical check-up, medication,(More)
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