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We report a branch site mutation in the gene of the enzyme tyrosine hydroxylase (TH): a -24t > a substitution two bases upstream of the adenosine in the branchpoint sequence (BPS) of intron 11. As normal lariat formation is therefore prevented, alternative splicing takes place; use of the BPS of intron 12 results in skipping of exon 12, whereas the use of a… (More)
ICF syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive immunoglobulin deficiency, sometimes combined with defective cellular immunity. Other features that are frequently observed in ICF syndrome patients include facial dysmorphism, developmental delay, and recurrent infections. The most diagnostic feature of ICF syndrome is the branching of chromosomes 1, 9, and 16 due… (More)
Immunodeficiency in association with centromere instability of chromosomes 1, 9, and 16 and facial anomalies (ICF syndrome) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. ICF patients show marked hypomethylation of their DNA; undermethylation of classical satellites II and III is thought to be associated with the centromere instability. We used DNA from three… (More)
We describe seven Dutch patients from six families with a slowly progressive, mainly spinal cord syndrome that remained for many years the sole expression of cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX). MRI demonstrated white matter abnormalities in the lateral and dorsal columns of the spinal cord. Post-mortem examination of one of the patients showed extensive… (More)
Sequencing of the arylsulfatase A gene in a late infantile metachromatic leukodystrophy patient showed the presence of a 12-bp deletion in exon 2. This deletion was found in a compound heterozygous state with the previously described 287 C-->T transition.
This report concerns two new mutations in the sterol 27-hydroxylase gene in two patients with cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX). In a Surinam-Creole patient (patient A), a G deletion on position cDNA 546/547 in exon 3 led to a frameshift and the introduction of a premature termination codon. In a Dutch patient (patient B), a C-->T transition at position… (More)
We report a new mutation in the sterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP 27) gene in a Dutch family with cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis: a G-->A transition in the splice donor site in intron 4. This mutation leads to skipping of exon 4, resulting in a loss of 66 amino acids in the CYP 27 enzyme molecule.
Two types of myoadenylate deaminase (MAD) deficiency have been described, primary or inherited, and secondary or acquired MAD deficiency. In this study, we investigated whether secondary MAD deficiency is indeed acquired or merely coincidental. We demonstrated the same underlying molecular defect, a C34T transition, in both types of deficiency. Furthermore,… (More)
The present study evaluated an innovative technique for the manufacturing of low-dosed tablets. Tablets containing hydroxyapatite and a pore forming agent (50% (w/w) Avicel PH 200/20, 37.5% and 50% corn starch/37.5% sorbitol) were manufactured by direct compression followed by sintering. The influence of pore forming agent (type and concentration), sinter… (More)