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To assess the effect of dietary reduction of plasma cholesterol concentrations on coronary atherosclerosis, we set up a randomised, controlled, end-point-blinded trial based on quantitative image analysis of coronary angiograms in patients with angina or past myocardial infarction. Another intervention group received diet and cholestyramine, to determine(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the extent to which intensive dietary intervention can influence glycaemic control and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes who are hyperglycaemic despite optimised drug treatment. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial. SETTING Dunedin, New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS 93 participants aged less than 70(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine lifestyle-related determinants of the excess adiposity observed in patients with bipolar disorder. METHOD Eighty-nine male and female patients with DSM-IV bipolar disorder who were attending a specialist bipolar clinic or another psychiatric outpatient clinic (19% with body mass index [BMI] > or = 30) and 445 age- and sex-matched(More)
A study is reported in which the prevalence of symptomless diverticular disease of the colon is related to the consumption of dietary fibre in vegetarians and non-vegetarians. Vegetarians had a significantly higher mean fibre intake (41.5 g/day) than non-vegetarians (21.4 g/day). Diverticular disease was commoner in non-vegetarians (33%) than in vegetarians(More)
Insulin resistance (IR), or low insulin sensitivity, is a major risk factor in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. A simple, high resolution assessment of IR would enable earlier diagnosis and more accurate monitoring of intervention effects. Current assessments are either too intensive for clinical settings (Euglycaemic Clamp,(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have suggested that moderately high protein diets may be more appropriate than conventional low-fat high carbohydrate diets for individuals at risk of developing the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. However in most such studies sources of dietary carbohydrate may not have been appropriate and protein intakes may have been(More)
BACKGROUND Few prospective studies have examined cancer incidence among vegetarians. METHODS We studied 61,566 British men and women, comprising 32,403 meat eaters, 8562 non-meat eaters who did eat fish ('fish eaters') and 20,601 vegetarians. After an average follow-up of 12.2 years, there were 3350 incident cancers of which 2204 were among meat eaters,(More)
In a cohort of 10 998 men and women, 95 incident cases of colorectal cancer were recorded after 17 years. Risk increased in association with smoking, alcohol, and white bread consumption, and decreased with frequent consumption of fruit. The relative risk in vegetarians compared with nonvegetarians was 0.85 (95% CI: 0.55-1.32).
We have observed an unexpected 17-fold increase in risk of fatal [corrected] myocardial infarction (relative risk 16.9, 95% confidence interval 3.9-72.8) associated with current use of psychotropic drugs. This incidental finding, in a case-control study of cardiovascular mortality in women aged 16-39 not designed to test any hypothesis about psychotropic(More)