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Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are mitogenic and chemotactic agents for a wide variety of cell types and play a primary role in the regulation of angiogenesis. Angiogenesis is involved in a variety of critical physiological events including organogenesis, wound healing, ischemic collateral circulation, and solid tumor growth. High-resolution structural(More)
Bovine brain-derived acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) is a protein mitogen originally identified in partially purified preparations of whole brain. The protein was purified to homogeneity and shown to be a potent vascular endothelial cell mitogen in culture and angiogenic substance in vivo. The homology of aFGF to human interleukin-1 beta was inferred(More)
A number of heparin-binding growth factors, including basic (bFGF) and acidic (aFGF) fibroblast growth factors have been shown to promote angiogenesis in vivo. In this study, we employed a sustained-release polymer extravascular delivery system to evaluate the angiogenic efficacy of a novel form of genetically modified aFGF in the setting of chronic(More)
Laminin mediates neural adhesion and process formation. A possible signal transduction pathway for laminin was investigated in both NG108-15 and PC12 neuronal cells using radiolabeling studies as well as various stimulators and inhibitors of phosphatases and kinases. Using [32P]-ortho-phosphate, laminin caused a decrease in the TCA-precipitable counts.(More)
Protein phosphorylation-dephosphorylation appears to be an essential component in the regulation of many cellular processes by hormones and drugs. This concept has developed primarily from in vitro biochemical studies in which various purified proteins have been phosphorylated and dephosphorylated by distinct protein kinases and phosphoprotein phosphatases.(More)
Austin are also gratefully acknowledged. The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia or of the Federal Reserve System. ABSTRACT This paper seeks to quantify the contribution of agglomeration economies to the spatial concentration of U.S. employment. A spatial(More)
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