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Cryptosin - a new cardenolide from the leaves of Cryptolepis buchanani R & S was found to be a potent positive inotropic agent. In experiments with dog heart ex vivo, the rise in the cardiac rate associated with an increase in dP/dtmax and left ventricular pressure (LVP) correlated with changes in the beta-adrenoceptor densities as measured by the binding(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the meaning of taking dietary supplements from the perspective of being an older woman with type 2 diabetes. METHODS Nine women over the age of 65 with type 2 diabetes participated in a single, in-depth semistructured interview that focused on use of, views of, and methods of hearing about(More)
The cardiopulmonary bypass technique was used to compare the effects of dopamine and norepinephrine on venous return, and to identify the adrenoceptors involved in the responses. Intraarterial boluses of dopamine and norepinephrine produced similar increases in mean arterial pressure and similar increases in venous return, but dopamine required 10-30 x(More)
A series of anthraquinonyl glucosaminosides (10a-e) were synthesized by Koenigs-Knorr glycosidation of the corresponding aglycones (11a-e) with bromo sugar 12 followed by saponification. These glycosides were intended to serve as models to study the role played by the hydroxyl substituents on the aglycone portion of the antitumor anthracycline antibiotics.(More)
Thalistyline, a monoquaternary bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid isolated from Thalictrum sp. inhibited respiration in anesthetized dogs. Thalistyline is about one-fourth as potent as d-tubocurarine in blocking neuromuscular transmission in the rat hemidiaphragm preparation. The pharmacological mechanism of action of the alkaloid is similar to that of(More)
Cryptosin, a new cardenolide, was found to preferentially bind to Na,K-ATPase enzyme (7), which is believed to be the ouabain binding site on cardiac sarcolemmal membrane. CD spectral studies revealed that cryptosin, in the presence of Na+ and Mg++ ions, bind to Na,K-ATPase and induce a dose-dependent change in the backbone structure of cardiac Na,K-ATPase.
The spectrum of agonist activity for three new homologs of histamine (cis- and trans-imidazolylallylamine and imidazolylpropargylamine) was evaluated in the isolated guinea pig ileum and right atrium. The homologs were about three log units less potent than histamine in stimulating contractions of the longitudinal muscles of the ileum, but they were(More)