Jim B Kirkland

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NB4 cells were derived from a patient with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and, unlike HL-60 cells, display the characteristic translocation t(15:17) involving the RAR alpha receptor. NB4 cells differentiate into granulocytes in response to all-trans retinoic acid, but little is known about the ability of these cells to form monocytes and macrophages. We(More)
The metabolism of poly(ADP-ribose) in peripheral blood mononuclear (PBM) cells was studied in 13 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and in 12 age and sex matched controls. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activity was measured as the net accumulation of ADP-ribose polymers during the conversion of 32P-NAD to poly(ADP-ribose) in PBM cells in vitro.(More)
These experiments are a continuation of work investigating the mechanism of oxidant-induced damage to cultured bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPEC). Earlier experiments implicated DNA strand breakage and activation of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase as critical steps in cell injury. In the current report, a better defined model of oxidant stress was(More)
We have shown that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3) primes NB4 cells, the only available acute promyelocytic leukemia cell line, for 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate-induced monocytic differentiation. Here, we have used isomers of 1,25(OH)2D3 to investigate the role of 1,25(OH)2D3 and its putative nuclear receptor (VDR) in NB4 cell monocytic(More)
The t(15;17) translocation causes a disruption of the retinoic acid receptor alpha (RAR-alpha) and allows for the expression of the PML-RAR alpha fusion protein considered to be responsible for the differentiation block in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Patients being treated with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) undergo remission due to the(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is a nuclear enzyme which has been shown to play a role in the differentiation of haematopoietic cells. We report here that neutrophils are the first nucleated mammalian cell type demonstrated to be devoid of immunoreactive PARP. Both NB4 acute promyelocytic leukaemia and HL-60 (acute myelocytic leukaemia) cells were(More)
NB4 cells are the only in vitro model of differentiation in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Although these cells respond to all-trans-retinoic acid to form neutrophils, our group has recently shown that these cells are capable of terminal monocytic differentiation in response to combined treatment with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25 D3) and(More)
Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation is a post-translational modification catalyzed mostly by the 116-kDa enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1), a nuclear enzyme that transfers an ADP-ribose moiety onto a limited number of nuclear proteins, including itself. When cells are exposed to environmental stresses such as alkylating agents or free radicals, there is up(More)
This paper describes a method for monitoring short term changes in arterial blood in rabbits in response to a single breath of cigarette smoke. The method was developed to investigate the observation that neutrophil transit times through the lung are extended during acute exposures to cigarette smoke (1). In this model, we sought to monitor the time course(More)
The efficacy of two structurally and functionally unrelated protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors, chelerythrine and calphostin C, was assessed in intact human platelets by studying platelet aggregation in response to stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) or the thromboxane-A2 mimetic, U46619. Surprisingly, both inhibitors increased aggregation(More)
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