Jim Armstrong

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This paper considers health in cities from the perspective of complex adaptive systems. This approach has a number of important implications for intervention that do not emerge in traditional accounts of cities and health. The paper reviews various accounts of the nature of cities and of health as well as the traditional urban health and Healthy Cities(More)
i%s paper &scribes two approaches to the automatic genera.tion of behavioral VHDL modelsfiom descriptions written in natural language. Both approaches are based on a modeling style in which behavior is represented by a system of interconnected processes. The first approach employs a semantic gratmur to directly generate a single VHDL process from a(More)
Introduction eports address specific issues of relevance to the financial system (whether institutions, markets, or clearing and settlement systems) in greater depth. Defined-benefit plans are by far the most important part of "pillar three" of Canada's retirement system, which includes employer-sponsored pension plans. 1 However, the future of(More)