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The capacity of macrophages to influence directly and indirectly fibrinolytic processes in atherosclerosis was studied using macrophages isolated from atherosclerotic plaques of patients undergoing surgical repair of distal aortic and femoral arteries. These cells were characterized by their morphology, adherence, esterase positivity, and expression of CD14(More)
The effector mechanisms of T cell-dependent acute glomerular injury were studied in autologous phase anti-GBM glomerulonephritis (GN) in rats. Acute proliferative GN was induced in sensitized rats by a subnephritogenic dose of sheep anti-rat GBM antibody. Injury was manifested by proteinuria and glomerular leucocyte infiltration composed predominantly of(More)
Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a chemotactic peptide produced by macrophages that may be involved in the recruitment of inflammatory cells into atherosclerotic plaques. In vitro, IL-8 production by macrophages isolated from carotid plaques (1240 +/- 510 pg.10(5) cells-1.24h-1, mean +/- SEM, n = 6) and noncarotid plaques (4312 +/- 1588 pg.10(5) cells-1.24 h-1, n =(More)
Correlations between glomerular expression of tissue factor (TF) activity and antigen and cellular localization of TF mRNA was studied in crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) in rabbits. Glomerular TF activity increased 8.7-fold 24 hours after initiation of GN (234 +/- 49 mU/10(3) glomeruli; normal, 27 +/- 10 mU/10(3) glomeruli; P = 0.003) in association with(More)
Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is a potent inhibitor of tissue factor (TF) -initiated coagulation and may play a role in regulating coagulation in atherosclerotic plaques. The expression of TFPI protein and mRNA was examined by immunohistology and in situ hybridization in normal human and rabbit arteries, in human carotid arteries with advanced(More)
The expression of recombinant, biologically active mouse myeloperoxidase (MPD) and the recombinant non-collagenous (NC1) domain of mouse collagen alpha 3 Type IV was achieved for the first time in Sf21 cells (Spodoptera frugiperda ovarian insect cells) using a baculovirus expression system. Following purification, the proteins were identified by reducing(More)
Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) was demonstrated in the kidneys of normal rabbits and in a crescentic model of glomerulonephritis (GN), where fibrin is a key mediator of injury. In normal kidneys, TFPI was expressed in glomeruli, in intrarenal arteries and the interstitial capillary network. Evidence for TFPI synthesis in vivo was provided by in situ(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Tissue factor (TF) is a transmembrane protein that is essential for coagulation. TF is expressed on podocytes and its cytoplasmic domain has cell signalling functions in epithelial cells. METHODS Mice lacking the cytoplasmic domain of TF (TF(CT-/-) mice) were used to study its role in physiological albuminuria and pathological proteinuria(More)
The mouse Ly6 gene family encodes proteins found in lymphocytes and other cells. Some are involved in cell activation; no ligands have been found. A ligand for Ly6d (ThB) was identified on lymphocytes using microspheres loaded with Ly6d and the cDNA isolated from a spleen/thymus library by panning on Ly6d. The Ly6d ligand (Ly6d-L) is a nonglycosylated(More)
We have utilized differential display polymerase chain reaction to investigate the gene expression of hematopoietic progenitor cells from adult bone marrow and umbilical cord blood. A differentially expressed gene was identified in CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells, with low expression in CD34- cells. We have obtained the full coding sequence of this(More)