Jillian Reynolds

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BACKGROUND The European level of alcohol consumption, and the subsequent burden of disease, is high compared to the rest of the world. While screening and brief interventions in primary healthcare are cost-effective, in most countries they have hardly been implemented in routine primary healthcare. In this study, we aim to examine the effectiveness and(More)
AIM To test if training and support, financial reimbursement and option of referring screen-positive patients to an internet-based method of giving advice (eBI) can increase primary health-care providers' delivery of Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)-C-based screening and advice to heavy drinkers. DESIGN Cluster randomized factorial trial(More)
AIMS To determine the relation between existing levels of alcohol screening and brief intervention rates in five European jurisdictions and role security and therapeutic commitment by the participating primary healthcare professionals. METHODS Health care professionals consisting of, 409 GPs, 282 nurses and 55 other staff including psychologists, social(More)
BACKGROUND Brief interventions in primary healthcare are cost-effective in reducing drinking problems but poorly implemented in routine practice. Although evidence about implementing brief interventions is growing, knowledge is limited with regard to impact of initial role security and therapeutic commitment on brief intervention implementation. METHODS(More)
In this paper, we test path models that study the interrelations between primary health care provider attitudes towards working with drinkers, their screening and brief advice activity, and their receipt of training and support and financial reimbursement. Study participants were 756 primary health care providers from 120 primary health care units (PHCUs)(More)
ISSUES Drug use accounts for one of the main disease groups in Europe, with relevant consequences to society. There is an increasing need to evaluate the economic consequences of drug use in order to develop appropriate policies. Here, we review the social costs of illegal drugs, alcohol and tobacco in the European Union. APPROACH A systematic search of(More)
1 Grup de Recerca en Addiccions Clínic (GRAC-GRE), Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, IDIBAPS, Red de Trastornos adictivos (RETICS), Barcelona, Spain, 2 Grup de Recerca en Addiccions Clínic (GRAC-GRE), Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Fundació Clínic per la Recerca Biomèdica, Red de Trastornos adictivos (RETICS), Barcelona, Spain, 3 Institute of Health and Society,(More)
PURPOSE We aimed to test whether 3 strategies-training and support, financial reimbursement, and an option to direct screen-positive patients to an Internet-based method of giving brief advice-have a longer-term effect on primary care clinicians' delivery of screening and advice to heavy drinkers operationalized with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification(More)