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Pendrin is an anion exchanger in the cortical collecting duct of the mammalian nephron that appears to mediate apical Cl(-)/HCO3(-) exchange in bicarbonate-secreting intercalated cells. The goals of this study were to determine 1) if pendrin immunoreactivity was present in the gills of a euryhaline elasmobranch (Atlantic stingray, Dasyatis sabina), and 2)(More)
Renal ammonia metabolism and transport mediates a central role in acid-base homeostasis. In contrast to most renal solutes, the majority of renal ammonia excretion derives from intrarenal production, not from glomerular filtration. Renal ammoniagenesis predominantly results from glutamine metabolism, which produces 2 NH4(+) and 2 HCO3(-) for each glutamine(More)
The relationship between structure and function in the distal tubule and collecting duct has been studied with morphologic and physiologic techniques, including morphometric analysis, to identify functionally distinct cell populations. The distal tubule, including the thick ascending limb (TAL) and the distal convoluted tubule (DCT), is involved in active(More)
A thiazide sensitive Na-Cl cotransporter, rTSC1, has recently been cloned from a rat kidney cortex cDNA library. The molecular regulation and nephron localization of this protein is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the nephron distribution and subcellular localization of the rTSC1 protein in the rat kidney. In situ hybridization showed(More)
Ammonia is both produced and transported by renal epithelial cells, and it regulates renal ion transport. Recent studies have identified a family of putative ammonium transporters; mRNA for two members of this family, Rh B-glycoprotein (RhBG) and Rh C-glycoprotein (RhCG), is expressed in the kidney. The purpose of this study was to determine the cellular(More)
Recent studies suggest the presence of two populations of intercalated cells in the rabbit cortical collecting duct (CCD), one involved with hydrogen ion secretion and another that may play a role in bicarbonate secretion. The purpose of this study was to determine whether two populations of intercalated cells are present in the rat CCD and to establish(More)
A family of ammonium transporter proteins was recently identified. Members of this family, Rh B Glycoprotein (RhBG) and Rh C Glycoprotein (RhCG) are expressed in the kidney and the liver, important tissues for ammonium metabolism. Immunohistochemical studies demonstrate basolateral RhBG immunoreactivity in the connecting segment (CNT) and collecting ducts,(More)
Pendrin (encoded by Pds, Slc26a4) is a Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger expressed in the apical regions of type B and non-A, non-B intercalated cells of kidney and mediates renal Cl(-) absorption, particularly when upregulated. Aldosterone increases blood pressure by increasing absorption of both Na(+) and Cl(-) through increased protein abundance and function of(More)
Rh C glycoprotein (Rhcg) is an NH(3)-specific transporter expressed in both intercalated cells (IC) and principal cells (PC) in the renal collecting duct. Recent studies show that deletion of Rhcg from both intercalated and principal cells inhibits both basal and acidosis-stimulated renal ammonia excretion. The purpose of the current studies was to better(More)
NH3 movement across plasma membranes has traditionally been ascribed to passive, lipid-phase diffusion. However, ammonia-specific transporters, Mep/Amt proteins, are present in primitive organisms and mammals express orthologs of Mep/Amt proteins, the Rh glycoproteins. These findings suggest that the mechanisms of NH3 movement in mammalian tissues should be(More)