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Neuronal substrates that mediate the conditioned effects of cocaine have not been well characterized. To examine dopaminergic mechanisms, three antagonists were tested for their capacity to inhibit the expression of conditioned locomotor activity and conditioned place preference in rats. Antagonists were also assessed against acute cocaine-stimulated(More)
Morphine is the prototypic mu-opioid analgesic; however, in certain situations in vitro, morphine behaves as a partial agonist. To assess the relative intrinsic activity of morphine and three other mu-opioid analgesics in vivo, beta-funaltrexamine (beta-FNA), an irreversible antagonist selective for the mu receptor, was used to reduce the effective receptor(More)
The pharmacologic specificity of the sensitization to naltrexone induced by acute opioid pretreatment was studied in rats trained to lever-press on a multiple-trial, fixed-interval 3-min schedule of food reinforcement. Cumulative doses of naltrexone were given until responding was suppressed; control naltrexone ED50 values for decreasing response rates(More)
For many procedures used in behavioral pharmacology, the intracerebroventricular (ICV) route of drug administration is infrequently used due, in part, to the lack of a reliable technique for determining cannula patency in vivo. This study describes an in vivo technique for assessing ICV cannula patency in pigeons. The technique was applied in an experiment(More)
Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of startle is a sensorimotor gating task in which a low-intensity acoustic stimulus presented prior to a high-intensity, startle-eliciting stimulus can attenuate the acoustic startle response (ASR). Previous studies on startle reactivity in cocaine-withdrawn rats have found minimal changes; the present study extends this work to(More)
Food-deprived rats were trained to lever-press on a fixed interval 3-min schedule of food presentation. Using a cumulative dosing procedure, morphine and naltrexone were tested weekly for effects on rates of responding. A separate group of subjects was tested weekly for morphine analgesia using the tail-flick assay. Chronic morphine infusion (10 mg/kg/day,(More)
RATIONALE Classical conditioning has been proposed to account for the hyperactivity observed in drug-free rats when placed in an environment previously paired with cocaine administration. However, an alternative explanation is that hyperactivity results from an inability of rats to habituate to the environment under the influence of cocaine. OBJECTIVES In(More)
The cold water tail-flick test in the rat is somewhat unique in that it is sensitive to the analgesic effects of delta- and kappa- in addition to mu-opioid agonists. The present study was designed to test whether a component of morphine-induced analgesia in this test might be mediated by delta- or kappa-opioid receptors. Morphine was administered icv in(More)
The present study was designed to test rigorously, using isobolographic analysis, whether there was a potentiative interaction between delta and mu agonists administered i.c.v. to rats. Factors such as the specific fixed ratio of compounds, the analgesic assay and the mu agonist were varied to determine the generality of the results. Male rats were(More)