Jill S. Anderson

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Primary CNS rhabdoid tumor is an enigmatic and extremely rare malignant tumor of early childhood, probably embryonal, that has often been histopathologically classified together with rhabdoid tumor of kidneys or other organs in infants. Only four previously documented cases of primary CNS malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) were found in the literature. We(More)
Altered expression of the gene encoding the sodium iodine symporter (NIS) may be an important factor that leads to the reduced iodine accumulation characteristic of most benign and malignant thyroid nodules. Both up- and down-regulation of NIS gene expression have been reported in thyroid cancer using several different methods. The goal of the present study(More)
PURPOSE We hypothesized that patients with benign essential blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm experience relief of headache and eye pain after botulinum toxin injections. METHODS A retrospective chart review of 85 patients who had received botulinum toxin injections at the University of Minnesota for treatment of benign essential blepharospasm and(More)
BACKGROUND Thyroglobulin mRNA can be detected qualitatively in the peripheral blood of patients with metastatic thyroid cancer, thyroid cancer patients with residual thyroid bed uptake, and individuals with no known thyroid disease with intact thyroid glands by use of a lengthy, highly sensitive extraction technique. To improve and broaden the clinical(More)
Patients with thyroid cancer are monitored for disease recurrence by measurement of serum thyroglobulin (Tg) and iodine-131 (131I) scanning. To enhance sensitivity and to circumvent antibodies that interfere with Tg immunoassays, we have developed RT-PCR assays that detect circulating thyroid messenger RNA (mRNA) transcripts. We now report results using a(More)
Reverse transcriptase-PCR has identified thyroglobulin mRNA (Tg mRNA) in peripheral blood of normal adults and adults with thyroid cancer. However, no children were studied. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether whole blood Tg mRNA levels differ between benign and malignant thyroid disease in children. The secondary goals were to(More)
Mutations in the ras genes (H-ras, K-ras, and N-ras) occur in 10-15% of all human cancers, and commonly arise from single base substitutions at codons 12, 13, or 61. Although ras mutations have been found in adult thyroid cancers, they were absent from the two studies which examined childhood thyroid cancers. Both studies included only children with(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the outcome of trabeculotomy and/or goniotomy for pediatric aphakic glaucoma. METHODS Retrospective chart review of consecutive children who had congenital cataract surgery between 1990 and 2006 and required goniotomy and/or trabeculotomy for aphakic glaucoma. Treatment success was defined as postoperative intraocular pressure of(More)
Maturation is a critical process for dendritic cells (DC) to gain or enhance their functions in antigen presentation and T-cell activation. In this study, we investigated the effect of hepatitis C virus (HCV) envelope protein E2 on DC maturation and related functions. We show that binding of E2 protein to DC leads to a change from immature to mature(More)
PURPOSE Infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) is often associated with abnormalities of axonal outgrowth and connectivity. To determine if this manifests in extraocular muscle innervation, specimens from children with idiopathic INS or INS and albinism were examined and compared to normal age-matched control extraocular muscles. METHODS Extraocular muscles(More)