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BACKGROUND Individuals who are small at birth are at increased risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) in later life. One hypothesis to explain this association is fetal adaptation to a suboptimum intrauterine environment. We investigated whether pregnancy complications associated with low birthweight are related to risk of subsequent IHD in the mother. (More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between population trends in delaying childbirth and rising rates of primary cesarean delivery is unclear. The aims of the present study were (1) to characterize the association between maternal age and the outcome of labor, (2) to determine the proportion of the increase in primary cesarean rates that could be attributed to(More)
BACKGROUND Generation Scotland: the Scottish Family Health Study aims to identify genetic variants accounting for variation in levels of quantitative traits underlying the major common complex diseases (such as cardiovascular disease, cognitive decline, mental illness) in Scotland. METHODS/DESIGN Generation Scotland will recruit a family-based cohort of(More)
OBJECTIVES UK Biobank is a landmark cohort of over 500,000 participants which will be used to investigate genetic and non-genetic risk factors for a wide range of adverse health outcomes. This is the first study to systematically assess the prevalence and validity of proposed criteria for probable mood disorders within the cohort (major depression and(More)
Background—Contemporary survival in unselected patients with heart failure and the population impact of newer therapies have not been widely studied. Therefore, we have documented case-fatality rates (CFRs) over a recent 10-year period. Methods and Results—In Scotland, all hospitalizations and deaths are captured on a single database. We have studied case(More)
Hypertension is a heritable and major contributor to the global burden of disease. The sum of rare and common genetic variants robustly identified so far explain only 1%-2% of the population variation in BP and hypertension. This suggests the existence of more undiscovered common variants. We conducted a genome-wide association study in 1,621 hypertensive(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the association between ambulance response time and survival from out of hospital cardiopulmonary arrest and to estimate the effect of reducing response times. DESIGN Cohort study. SETTING Scottish Ambulance Service. SUBJECTS All out of hospital cardiopulmonary arrests due to cardiac disease attended by the Scottish Ambulance(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested a possible link between exposure to influenza in utero and bipolar disorder in adulthood. Using data from a prospective birth cohort, we aimed to test for an association between exposure to gestational influenza and the experience of hypomania assessed in early adulthood. METHODS We used data on 2957 participants(More)
service Email alerting box at the top left of the article Receive free email alerts when new articles cite this article-sign up in the Notes To order reprints follow the "Request Permissions" link in the navigation box Abstract Objectives To determine whether parachutes are effective in preventing major trauma related to gravitational challenge. Design(More)