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OBJECTIVE To compare the performance characteristics of cell-bound complement (C4d) activation products (CBCAPS) on erythrocyte (EC4d) and B cells (BC4d) with antibodies to double-stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) and complement C3 and C4 in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS The study enrolled 794 subjects consisting of 304 SLE and a control group(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and immunologic impact of inhibiting interferon-γ (IFNγ) with AMG 811, a human IgG1 monoclonal antibody against IFNγ, in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS Twenty-six patients with mild-to-moderate, stable SLE were administered placebo or a single dose of AMG 811, ranging from 2 mg to 180 mg(More)
BACKGROUND During pregnancy, maternal cells pass into the fetus, where they can persist for many years after birth. We investigated the presence of maternal cells in neonatal lupus syndrome (NLS), an autoimmune disease that develops in utero. The most serious complication of NLS is inflammation of the atrioventricular node leading to congenital heart block(More)
To correlate the arrhythmogenic effects of maternal autoantibodies with the genesis of congenital heart block, female BALB/c mice were immunized with human recombinant 48-kDa SSB/La, 60-kDa SSA/Ro, 52-kDa SSA/Ro (52alpha), and 52beta (amino acids 169-245 deleted) as well as with murine recombinant 52-kDa SSA/Ro. Control animals received beta-galactosidase(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-SSA/Ro-associated third-degree congenital heart block is irreversible, prompting a search for early markers and effective therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred twenty-seven pregnant women with anti-SSA/Ro antibodies were enrolled; 95 completed an evaluable course in 98 pregnancies. The protocol included fetal echocardiograms performed(More)
In congenital heart block (CHB), binding of maternal anti-SSA/Ro Abs to fetal apoptotic cardiocytes impairs their removal by healthy cardiocytes and increases urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA)/uPA receptor (uPAR)-dependent plasmin activation. Because the uPA/uPAR system plays a role in TGF-β activation, we evaluated whether anti-Ro binding to apoptotic(More)
Antibodies to DNA and chromatin drive autoimmunity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Null mutations and hypomorphic variants of the secreted deoxyribonuclease DNASE1L3 are linked to familial and sporadic SLE, respectively. We report that DNASE1L3-deficient mice rapidly develop autoantibodies to DNA and chromatin, followed by an SLE-like disease.(More)
BACKGROUND It is a widely held view that congenital heart block (CHB) is caused by the transplacental transfer of maternal autoantibodies (anti-SSA/Ro and/or anti-SSB/La) into the fetal circulation. To test this hypothesis and to reproduce human CHB, an experimental mouse model (BALB/c) was developed by passive transfer of human autoantibodies into pregnant(More)
OBJECTIVE The autopsy and clinical information on children dying with anti-SSA/Ro-associated cardiac manifestations of neonatal lupus (cardiac NL) were examined to identify patterns of disease, gain insight into pathogenesis and enhance the search for biomarkers and preventive therapies. METHODS A retrospective analysis evaluating reports from 18(More)
The 52-kD SS-A/Ro protein is one of the antigenic targets strongly associated with the autoimmune response in mothers whose children have manifestations of neonatal lupus. In addition to the cDNA clone we previously reported for the full-length 52-kD SS-A/Ro protein, an interesting MOLT-4 cDNA clone, p52-2, was found to have an internal deletion of 231(More)