Jill Lynn Tyler

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Cerebral glucose utilization (LCMRGI) was measured using the [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose method with PET in two groups of ten healthy young volunteers, each scanned in a resting state under different methodological conditions. In addition, five subjects had a second scan within 48 hr. Mean hemispheric values averaged 45.8 +/- 3.3 mumol/100 g/min in the right(More)
Thirteen patients, including 6 from one family, with the syndrome of myoclonus epilepsy and ragged-red fibres (MERRF) were studied. There was considerable heterogeneity in the age of onset, severity and associated clinical features. Postmortem studies in 3 patients from the one family showed a particular system degeneration. In addition, the youngest and(More)
Positron emission tomography was used to study the effect of a rapid infusion of mannitol on cerebral blood volume (CBV) in five dogs and in three human subjects. The ability of mannitol to reduce intracranial pressure (ICP) has always been attributed to its osmotic dehydrating effect. The effects of mannitol infusion include increased osmolality, total(More)
Positron emission tomography was used to measure cerebral perfusion and metabolism in 7 patients with severe carotid stenosis. None of the patients had sustained a major stroke, and all had a normal neurological examination except 1 patient with a mild neurological deficit from a capsular lacuna. Cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume, the(More)
Positron emission tomography was used to study the cerebral metabolic rate for glucose (CMRGlc) in 7 adult patients with generalized spike-and-wave activity in the electroencephalogram. No consistent changes were seen in the CMRGlc. There was a slight trend toward an increased CMRGlc in 2 patients with primary generalized epilepsy, while in the 5 other(More)
In this paper, I explore the healthcare-information technology context as a backdrop for viewing legal issues that accompany telemedicine and teleradiology. In this age of managed care, healthcare informatics has become a burgeoning field. Computer-based technologies help automate processes such as patient data-collection. As patient records become(More)
The impact of extreme prematurity and related hypoxic-ischemic events on brain development recently has begun to be characterized with modern neuroimaging methods, although comparatively less is known about the neuropathology in those born at heavier birth weights. Even subclinical levels of perinatal hypoxia-ischemia, as indexed by perinatal blood pH, are(More)
Seventeen patients with an intracranial arteriovenous malformation were studied with positron emission tomography. Cerebral blood flow, cerebral blood volume, oxygen extraction fraction, and glucose and oxygen metabolism were evaluated in both hemispheres, excluding the area of the malformation itself. Patients were divided into three groups according to(More)
Pre- and postoperative positron emission tomography (PET) was performed in six patients undergoing extracranial to intracranial bypass procedures for the treatment of symptomatic extracranial carotid occlusion. The six patients were all men, aged 52 to 68 years. Their symptoms included transient ischemic attacks (five cases), amaurosis fugax (two cases),(More)
Cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV), the CBF/CBV ratio - an index of the hemodynamic reserve capacity - the rate of oxygen metabolism (CMRO2), and the fractional extraction of oxygen by the brain (OEF) were studied by positron emission tomography (PET) in the cortical territory of both internal carotid arteries in 15 cases of transiently(More)