Jill Langer

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The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) is a multidisciplinary association dedicated to advancing the safe and effective use of ultrasound in medicine through professional and public education, research, development of guidelines, and accreditation. To promote this mission, the AIUM is pleased to publish, in conjunction with the American(More)
We previously described a model of spontaneous "sleep epilepsy" in kindled kittens with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). We now describe the postkindling course of this model from preadolescence to maturity and suggest pathophysiologic mechanisms. Spontaneous epilepsy, particularly generalized tonic-clonic convulsions (GTCs), developed 1h to 4 months after(More)
This is the first report showing that local, in vivo microinfusion of alpha 2-adrenoreceptor agonists and antagonists have contrasting effects on amygdala-kindled seizure susceptibility. Microinfusions (1 microliter) of the alpha 2-agonist clonidine (CLON) and of the alpha 2-antagonist idazoxan (IDA) were made over 1 min through cannulae adjacent to(More)
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) sponsored the NCI Thyroid Fine-Needle Aspiration (FNA) State of the Science Conference on October 22-23, 2007 in Bethesda, MD. The 2-day meeting was accompanied by a permanent informational website and several on-line discussion periods between May 1 and December 15, 2007 (http://thyroidfna.cancer.gov). This document(More)
BACKGROUND Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease which is characterised by the destruction of insulin-producing beta cells in human pancreas leading consequently to a hyperglycaemic metabolism. Recent studies have shown that low cholecalciferol (25(OH)D3) concentrations may contribute to the development of T1D. The 25(OH)D3 status depends mostly on(More)
This is the first report showing that microinfusion of alpha 2 adrenoreceptor agonists and antagonists into the vicinity of the locus ceruleus (LC) have contrasting effects on evoked amygdala-kindled seizure susceptibility. Microinfusion (1 microliter) of the alpha 2 agonist clonidine (CLON) and of the alpha 2 antagonist idazoxan (IDA) were made over 1 min(More)
We describe a model of 'sleep epilepsy' after amygdala kindling in kittens. Seizure activity was evaluated at different times in the sleep-wake cycle. Susceptibility was documented by thresholds for evoked convulsions in kittens without spontaneous seizures (n = 5) and by polygraphic or split-screen video recordings in kittens with spontaneous seizures (n =(More)
Caroli's disease is a rare autosomal recessive condition characterized by cystic dilatation of the intrahepatic bile ducts and infantile polycystic kidney disease. We report a case with Caroli's disease detected prenatally at 33 weeks' gestation with fetal ultrasound findings of a cystic liver mass and echogenic kidneys. Postnatal investigation confirmed(More)
Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent in all forms of diabetes mellitus. Recently, we reported how ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation affected vitamin D [25(OH)D3] concentrations in patients with type 1 diabetes. Our aim was to analyze whether patients with non-autoimmune diabetes, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and gestational diabetes mellitus(More)