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The aetiology of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is unknown; however, recent evidence suggests excessive free radical (FR) generation may be involved. This study investigated for the first time levels of 8-iso-prostaglandin-F(2 alpha)-isoprostanes alongside other plasma markers of oxidative stress in CFS patients and control subjects. Forty-seven patients(More)
Effective evaluation of endothelial function is a powerful tool for determining patients at risk of development and progression of cardiovascular disease. As an alternative to invasive tests of endothelial function, several noninvasive methods have been developed, including the use of laser Doppler flowmetry/imaging to measure cutaneous perfusion(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the optimal dose of oral iloprost on the basis of efficacy and tolerability in patients with Raynaud's phenomenon secondary to systemic sclerosis. DESIGN Multicentre, randomized, parallel-group comparison of two different doses of oral iloprost and placebo. SETTING European university hospitals. PATIENTS A total of 103 patients(More)
Plasma lipid peroxides (malondialdehyde) and thiols were measured in 45 patients with congestive heart failure and 45 controls. Malondialdehyde concentrations were significantly higher in the patients with congestive heart failure (median 9.0 nmol/ml interquartile range (IQR) 7.9-10.2) than in the controls (median 7.7 nmol/ml (IQR 6.9-9.2)). Plasma thiols(More)
OBJECTIVES (a) To assess plasma fibrinolytic parameters in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to determine whether there are differences between patients with RA alone and those with RA complicated by vasculitis. (b) To determine if patients with RA respond differently to venous occlusion compared with normal subjects and to assess whether such a(More)
In rheumatoid arthritis (RA) benefit from non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is mediated through inhibition of the cyclo-oxygenase enzyme, thereby decreasing production of the 2 series prostaglandins (PGs). The lipoxygenase enzyme is intact, however, allowing leucotriene (LT) production, e.g., LTB4 (an inflammatory mediator). Treatment with(More)
Maxepa contains eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) (171 mg/capsule) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (114 mg/capsule). EPA acts as an alternative substrate to arachidonate, leading to the formation of the less proinflammatory prostaglandins ('3' series) and leukotrienes ('5' series). If Maxepa has anti-inflammatory properties it could be expected to reduce the(More)
PURPOSE The Centers for Disease Control (CDC)-1994 definition of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is very broad, and there have been suggestions that it lacks specificity. To test this, we have compared three groups of patients, all of whom fulfill the criteria but self-report different etiologies. METHODS Patients with self-reported symptoms which(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of symptomatic macrovascular disease, as defined by the World Health Organisation questionnaire for intermittent claudication, in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), and to compare the prevalence in this population with a cross sectional population study group reported in the Edinburgh Artery Study (EAS). METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular disease in type 1 diabetes is a complex and multifactorial process, which probably begins in childhood in association with the onset of diabetes. To determine the possible factors involved, we measured microvascular responses to endothelium-dependent (acetylcholine) and endothelium-independent (sodium nitroprusside) vasodilators in 56(More)