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The succession of developmental events in the C. elegans larva is governed by the heterochronic genes. When mutated, these genes cause either precocious or retarded developmental phenotypes, in which stage-specific patterns of cell division and differentiation are either skipped or reiterated, respectively. We identified a new heterochronic gene, lin-46,(More)
Werner syndrome is associated with premature aging and increased risk of cancer. Werner syndrome protein (WRN) is a RecQ-type DNA helicase, which seems to participate in DNA replication, double-strand break (DSB) repair, and telomere maintenance; however, its exact function remains elusive. Using Xenopus egg extracts as the model system, we found that(More)
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl(-) channel activity is important for fluid and electrolyte transport in many epithelia including the lung, the site of most cystic fibrosis-associated morbidity. CFTR is unique among ion channels in requiring ATP hydrolysis for its gating, suggesting that its activity is coupled to cellular(More)
The metabolic sensor AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has emerged as an important link between cellular metabolic status and ion transport activity. We previously found that AMPK binds to and phosphorylates CFTR in vitro and inhibits PKA-dependent stimulation of CFTR channel gating in Calu-3 bronchial serous gland epithelial cells. To further(More)
Replication protein A (RPA), the eukaryotic single-strand deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA [ss-DNA])-binding protein, is involved in DNA replication, nucleotide damage repair, mismatch repair, and DNA damage checkpoint response, but its function in DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair is poorly understood. We investigated the function of RPA in homology-dependent(More)
An important molecular mechanism to create protein diversity from a limited set of genes is A-to-I RNA editing. RNA editing converts single adenosines into inosines in pre-mRNA. These single base conversions can have a wide variety of consequences. Editing can lead to codon changes and, consequently, altered protein function. Moreover, editing can alter(More)
The first step of homology-dependent repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) is the resection of the 5' strand to generate 3' ss-DNA. Of the two major nucleases responsible for resection, EXO1 has intrinsic 5'->3' directionality, but DNA2 does not. DNA2 acts with RecQ helicases such as the Werner syndrome protein (WRN) and the heterotrimeric eukaryotic(More)
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