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The metabolism of doxepin was investigated in three patients who provided cumulative urine samples on each of 3 successive days. These samples were examined by means of stereoselective HPLC or HPLC combined with mass spectrometry through a plasmaspray interface (LCMS). In addition, sufficient quantities of the major metabolites were isolated from the urine(More)
The salinity tolerance of the 'California' Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus x O. urolepis hornorum), a current inhabitant of the hypersaline Salton Sea in California, USA, was investigated to identify osmoregulatory stress indicators for possible use in developing a model of salinity tolerance. Seawater-acclimated (35 g l(-1)) tilapia hybrids(More)
The effects of temperature on the salinity tolerance of Mozambique-Wami tilapia hybrids (Oreochromis mossambicus x O. urolepis hornorum) were investigated by transferring 35 g/l, 25 degrees C-acclimated fish to 35, 43, 51 or 60 g/l salinity at 15, 25 or 35 degrees C for 24 h, and by assaying gill tissue for branchial Na(+), K(+)-ATPase activity at the three(More)
A new sensitive analytical method is described for the quantitation of fluphenazine in 1 ml plasma samples after low oral doses of this antipsychotic agent. The drug is isolated by a simple one step extraction technique and analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with coulometric detection. The limit of detection for fluphenazine was 10(More)
We examined the ionoregulatory physiology and biochemistry of the teleost sailfin molly (Poecilia latipinna), an inhabitant of salt marshes along the gulf coast, during exposure to hyper-saline waters (salinity range 35-95 ppt). Mollies were able to tightly control plasma Na(+) and Cl(-) concentrations and tissue water levels up to 65 ppt, but at higher(More)
A new analytical method has been developed for the simultaneous quantitation of haloperidol and reduced haloperidol in plasma. The method is based on high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with coulometric detection. The extraction and sample clean up procedures are simple and rapid to execute, yet yield chromatograms virtually free of interference(More)
The disposition of trifluoperazine (TFP) was studied in five healthy volunteers following oral administration of a 5 mg tablet. Using a very sensitive GC-MS technique plasma TFP concentrations were measured up until 24 h following drug ingestion. Peak plasma concentrations varied widely (range 0.53-3.09 ng ml-1) and were reached 2.8 +/- 0.5 h following(More)
Pooled plasma from healthy volunteers was spiked with pure, synthetic chlorpromazine (CPZ), chlorpromazine sulfoxide (CPZSO), or chlorpromazine N-oxide (CPZNO), and then made alkaline with either sodium hydroxide or sodium carbonate. The samples were allowed to stand at room temperature for various timed intervals before extraction with organic solvent. It(More)